Closer Co-operation

Closer Co-operation in Europe

Description of Closer co-operation

The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes closer co-operation in the following terms: [1] Closer co-operation is a significant ‘flexibility’ principle introduced by the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam (technically, as Title VII of the Treaty on European Union). It provides that as a last resort a majority of member states may use the Community’s institutions to develop closer links with each other in a new policy area, without involving the remaining member states. The Treaty makes it plain that this Title is not intended as a loophole for preventing the advance of the acquis communautaire, still less for reversing it. The intention rather is to allow certain countries to move ahead with integration faster than others. A good example was the introduction of the Schengen Agreement border controls by way of a protocol to the Treaty of Amsterdam to which all the member states were parties except the UK and Ireland. (See also Variable geometry.)

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Notas y References

  1. Based on the book “A Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union from Aachen to Zollverein”, by Rodney Leach (Profile Books; London)

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