Constitutionalisation

Constitutionalisation in Europe

Description of Constitutionalisation

The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes constitutionalisation in the following terms: [1] The process of formalising the EU’s relationship with national governments by means of a constitution. The main elements in the new structure would be some version of the following: the conversion of the Commission into a government answerable to the European Parliament (‘parliamentarisation’); the creation of Europe-wide political parties; the universal application of qualified majority voting in the Council, which would become a senate representing nations or districts; the abolition of national rights to appoint commissioners; the harmonisation of laws and judicial systems (including the establishment of Europol as a ‘European FBI’); and the subordination of existing sovereign powers to a new EU Charter, under the aegis of the Court of Justice (see more in this European encyclopedia). In 2000 these ideas, many of which had been canvassed in Europe since the time of Altiero Spinelli, were current in the Parliament, the EU’s traditional ideological front-runner, as well as in Germany. The pretext for advancing them more actively was the fear of a loosening of the EU’s institutional structure as a result of the Community’s Eastward enlargement. (See also Subsidiarity and ‘Treaty of Nice’.)

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Notas y References

  1. Based on the book “A Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union from Aachen to Zollverein”, by Rodney Leach (Profile Books; London)

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