Contents of the Visigothic Code

Contents of the Visigothic Code

Preface of the Visigothic Code (Forum judicum)

Preface: see the entry on the Visigothic Code in this legal encyclopedia.

Book I: Concerning Legal Agencies

Title I: The Lawmaker

Law I: What the Method of Making Laws Should Be.
Law II: How the Lawmaker Should Act.
Law III: What Should be Required of the Lawmaker.
Law IV: What the Conduct of the Lawmaker Should Be in his Daily Life.
Law V: How the Lawmaker Should Impart Advice.
Law VI: What Manner of Speech the Lawmaker Should Use.
Law VII: How the Lawmaker Should Act in Rendering Judgment.
Law VIII: How the Lawmaker Should Comport Himself in Public and Private Affairs.
Law IX: What Instruction it is Fitting That the Lawmaker Should Give

Title II: The Law

Law I: What the Lawmaker Should Observe in Framing the Laws.
Law II: What the Law Is.
Law III: What the Law Does.
Law IV: What the Law Should Be.
Law V: Why the Law is Made.
Law VI: How the Law Should Triumph over Enemies.

Book II: Concerning the Conduct of Causes

Title I: Concerning Judges, and Matters to be Decided in Court

Law I: When Amended Laws Should come in Force.
Law II: The Royal Power, as well as the Entire Body of the People should be Subject to the Majesty of the Law.
Law III: It is Permitted to No One to be Ignorant of the Law.
Law IV: The Business of the King shall First be Considered, then that of the People.
Law V: How the Avarice of the King should be Restrained in the Beginning, and How Documents Issued in the Name of the King should be Drawn Up.
Law VI: Concerning Those who Abandon the King, or the People, or their Country, or who Conduct themselves with Arrogance.
Law VII: Of Incriminating the King, or Speaking Ill of Him.
Law VIII: Of Annulling the Laws of Foreign Nations.
Law IX: No One shall presume to have in his Possession another Book of Laws except this which has just been Published.
Law X: Concerning Fast Days and Festivals, during which No Legal Business shall be Transacted.
Law XI: No Cause shall be Heard by the Judges which is not Sanctioned by the Law.
Law XII: When Causes have been Determined, at no Time shall They be Revived, but They shall be Disposed of according to the Arrangement of this Book; the Addition of Other Laws being One of the Prerogatives of the King.
Law XIII: It Shall be Lawful for No One to Hear and Determine Causes except Those Whom either the King, the Parties by Voluntary Consent, or the Judge, shall have Invested with Judicial Powers.
Law XIV: What Causes shall be Heard, and to what Persons Causes shall be Assigned for a Decision.
Law XV: Judges Shall Decide Criminal as well as Civil Causes.
Law XVI: Concerning the Punishment of Those who Presume to Act as Judges, Who have not been Invested with Judicial Power.
Law XVII: Concerning Those who Ingore the Letters of the Judge, or His Seal, Calling Them to Court.
Law XVIII: Where a Judge Refuses to Hear a Litigant, or Decides Fraudulently or Ignorantly.
Law XIX: Where a Judge, either through Convenience to Himself or through Want of Proper Knowledge, Decides Fraudulently or Ignorantly.
Law XX: Where a Judge, either through Deceit or Cunning, imposes Needless Costs upon Either or Both the Parties to a Suit.
Law XXI: What, First of All, a Judge should be Familiar With, in order that he May Understand a Case.
Law XXII: Where the Integrity of a Judge is said to be Suspected by Anyone of Honorable Rank, or where a Judge presumes to render a Decision Contrary to Law.
Law XXIII: How a Judge should render Judgment.
Law XXIV: Concerning the Emoluments and the Punishment of the Judge, and of the Bailiff.
Law XXV: Everyone who is Invested with Judicial Power shall Legally bear the Title of Judge.
Law XXVI: Every Bond which is Exacted by a Judge, after an Unjust Decree, shall be held Invalid.
Law XXVII: An Unjust Decree, or an Unjust Interpretation of the Law, Prompted by Fear of the Throne, or Made by Order of the King, shall be Invalid.
Law XXVIII: Concerning the Power Conferred upon Bishops, of Restraining Judges who Decide Wrongfully.
Law XXIX: The Judge, when Inquired or by a Party, should be able to give a Reason for his Decision.
Law XXX: Concerning the Punishment of Judges who Appropriate the Property of Others.
Law XXXI: Concerning Those who Treat the Royal Order with Disdain.
Law XXXII: How the Judge should Inquire into Causes by the Ordeal of Hot Water.

Title II: Concerning Causes

Law I: No One can Refuse to Answer because the Plaintiff Never Presented his Claim to Him.
Law II: The Court must be Disturbed by no Clamor or Tumult.
Law III: Where there are Many Litigants, Two may be Chosen who shall have Power to carry on the Suit.
Law IV: Both Parties may be Compelled by the Judge or the Bailiff, to be Present in Court on the Day when the Case is to be Heard.
Law V: Those whose Affairs have been brought before a Tribunal for a Decision, shall under no Circumstances enter into a Compromise before the Case has been Decided.
Law VI: Both Parties shall be Required to Furnish Testimony.
Law VII: Concerning the Journey which Anyone Compels an Innocent Person to Make.
Law VIII: Where Anyone Residing in the District of one Judge has a Cause of Action against a Party Living in the District of another Judge.
Law IX: Concerning Those who Venture to Defend the Suits of Others.
Law X: No Freeman shall Refuse to Answer the Slave of another in Court.

Title III: Concerning Constituents and Commissions

Law I: Princes and Bishops should not Conduct their Cases in Court in Person, but through their Subjects or Subordinates.
Law II: The Judge must inquire of a Litigant, whether the Suit brought by Him is his Own, or that of Another.
Law III: He who cannot conduct his Cause Himself must give Written Authority to his Attorney.
Law IV: Torture shall in no Case be inflicted upon Persons of Noble Birth who are acting as Representatives of Others; and, In what way, a Freeman of the Lower Class, or a Slave, may be subjected to Torture.
Law V: If He who has Appointed an Attorney Suffers Delay, He can revoke his Commission.
Law VI: It shall not be Lawful for a Woman to Act as an Attorney, but She may Conduct her Own Case in Court.
Law VII: The Constituent shall receive the Benefit, and bear the Loss, resulting from Proceedings Instituted by his Attorney.
Law VIII: If an Attorney should die, his Heirs shall be entitled to his Fees.
Law IX: What Persons those in Power, and those that are Poor, may appoint to Conduct their Cases.
Law X: Those who have Charge of the Royal Treasury, when the Suit is brought for its Benefit, have authority to appoint whom they wish to represent them.

Title IV: Concerning Witnesses and Evidence

Law I: Concerning Persons who are not Permitted to Testify.
Law II: Witnesses shall not Testify except under Oath; Where both parties offer Witnesses which shall be Believed; and Where a Witness Testifies Falsely.
Law III: Where a Witness Testifies Orally, and Written Evidence Contradicts Him.
Law IV: A Slave shall not be Believed unless he Belongs to the Crown; and When Royal Slaves shall be Believed.
Law V: A Witness shall not give his Testimony in Writing, but Orally, and how Testimony should be Given.
Law VI: Concerning Those who give False Testimony.
Law VII: Concerning Those who are Proved to have Given False Testimony; and Concerning the Space of Six Months in which a Witness may be Declared Infamous. It shall not be Lawful to give Testimony concerning One who is Dead.
Law VIII: Concerning Those who Induce Others to give False Testimony, or to Encourage the Slaves of Others to Seek their Liberty.
Law IX: In what Causes Slaves can Testify.
Law X: Concerning Those who Bind Themselves in Writing, not to give True Testimony in the Cause of Others.
Law XI: At what Age Minors can Testify.
Law XII: A Near Relative or a Kinsman of a Party to a Suit cannot give Testimony against a Stranger.

Title V: Concerning Valid and Invalid Documents and How Wills Should be Drawn Up

Law I: What Documents are Valid in Law.
Law II: No Witness shall Testify as to the Contents of a Document of which He is Ignorant.
Law III: Concerning the Drawing Up of Contracts, and Other Legal Documents.
Law IV: Neither Children, nor other Heirs, shall contest the Final Disposition of Property of their Ancestors.
Law V: Concerning the Penalties to which those are Liable who attempt to Repudiate their Written Contracts.
Law VI: Contracts and Agreements made by Slaves are Invalid, unless Ordered by their Masters.
Law VII: Concerning Dishonorable and Illegal Contracts.
Law VIII: No One shall be Liable in Person or Property, under the Terms of any Contract, where Deception has been Practiced; nor shall He be Liable to any Penalty provided by the same.
Law IX: Every Obligation, or Contract, which has been Extorted by Force, or Fear, shall be Void.
Law X: What Contracts entered into by Minors shall be Valid.
Law XI: How Wills shall be Drawn Up and Proved.
Law XII: How the Wills of those who Die during a Journey shall be Proved.
Law XIII: A Will must be Published in the Presence of a Priest, or of Witnesses, within Six Months.
Law XIV: Concerning the Comparison of Handwriting where Doubt attaches to any Document.
Law XV: Concerning Holographic Wills.
Law XVI: Concerning the Comparison of Documents, and the Infliction of Penalties prescribed by Wills.
Law XVII: No Testator shall be Permitted to Dispose of Property in One Way, in the Presence of Witnesses, and in Another by a Written Will.

Book III: Concerning Marriage

Title I: Concerning Nuptial Contracts

Law I: Marriage shall not be Entered Into without a Dowry.
Law II: It shall be as Lawful for a Roman Woman to Marry a Goth, as for a Gothic Woman to Marry a Roman.
Law III: Where a Girl marries against the Will of her Father, while she is Betrothed to Another.
Law IV: When a Gift is made by way of Pledge, a Nuptial Contract cannot be Rescinded.
Law V: Women Advanced in Years shall not Marry Young Men
Law VI: What Property the Dowry shall consist of.
Law VII: The Father shall Exact, and Keep, the Dowry of his Daughter.
Law VIII: In case of the Death of the Father, the Disposition of the Children of Both Sexes, in Marriage, shall belong to the Mother.
Law IX: Where Brothers Defer the Marriage of their Sister, or Where a Girl Marries Beneath her Station.
Law X: Where the Items of a Dowry, relating to any kind of Property, are reduced to Writing, it shall not be Contested.

Title II: Concerning Unlawful Marriages

Law I: Where a Woman Marries within a Year after the Death of her Husband.
Law II: Where a Freeborn Woman Marries a Slave, or her own Freedman.
Law III: Where a Freeborn Woman Marries the Slave of Another, or a Freeborn Man the Female Slave of Another.
Law IV: Where a Freedwoman, or a Freedman, Marries the Slave of Another.
Law V: Where Anyone gives in Marriage his Slave, of Either Sex, to the Slave of Another.
Law VI: Where a Woman contracts a Second Marriage in the Absence of her Husband.
Law VII: Where a Master Marries one of his Slaves to a Freewoman declaring him to be a Freeman.
Law VIII: Where a Freewoman Marries without the Consent of her Parents.

Title III: Concerning the Rape of Virgins, or Widows

Law I: Where a Freeman carries off a Freewoman by Force, he shall not be permitted to Marry her, if she was a Virgin.
Law II: Where Parents remove their Daughter from the Power of a Ravisher.
Law III: Where the Parents of a Girl, who has been Betrothed, consent that she should be Carried Away by Another.
Law IV: Where Brothers, either during the Life of their father, or after his Death, consent that Anyone should Carry Away their Sister by Force.
Law V: Where Anyone Carries Away by Violence a Woman who was Betrothed to Another.
Law VI: Where a Ravisher is Killed.
Law VII: Within what Time it is Lawful to Prosecute a Ravisher; and Whether any Marriage Contract can be entered into with Him by the Girl or her Parents.
Law VIII: Where a Slave carries off a Freewoman by Force.
Law IX: Where a Slave carries off a Freedwoman by Force.
Law X: Where a Slave carries off the Female Slave of Another by Force.
Law XI: Concerning those who Deceive Girls, or the Wives of Others, or Widows; and Concerning those who Compel by Force, and without the Royal Command, any Freeborn Girl or Widow to take a Husband.
Law XII: Concerning Freemen and Slaves who are Proved to have been Implicated in the Crime of Rape.

Title IV: Concerning Adultery

Law I: Where a Woman Commits Adultery, with or without the Connivance of her Husband.
Law II: Where a Girl or Woman who has been Betrothed, is found Guilty of Adultery.
Law III: Concerning the Adultery of a Wife.
Law IV: Where an Adulterer, along with an Adulteress, is Killed.
Law V: Where her Father, or her Relatives, Kill a Girl who has been Guilty of Adultery in their House.
Law VI: It is not Lawful for Slaves to put Persons to Death who are Taken in Adultery.
Law VII: Where a Girl, or a Widow, goes to the House of Another, in order to Commit Adultery, and the Man should wish to Marry Her.
Law VIII: Where a Freeborn Woman commits Adultery with Anyone.
Law IX: Where a Freeborn Woman Commits Adultery with the Husband of Another.
Law X: Slaves of Both Sexes may be Tortured to Reveal the Adultery of their Masters.
Law XI: Whether it shall be Lawful to set a Slave at Liberty, in order to Conceal the Crime of Adultery.
Law XII: Concerning the Property of Persons who have Committed Adultery.
Law XIII: Concerning those Persons who have a Right to bring Accusations of Adultery, and what Proof of the Crime should be Made.
Law XIV: Where a Freeman, or a Slave, has been Convicted of having committed Adultery, with Violence, upon a Freeborn Virgin, or Widow.
Law XV: Where a Freeman, or a Slave, without the Knowledge of his Master, commits Adultery with the Female Slave of Another.
Law XVI: Where a Female Slave is proved to have committed Adultery with Another by Force.
Law XVII: Concerning the Freeborn Women, or Female Slaves, of Bad Character, and Where Judges Refuse to Investigate, or Punish their Crimes.
Law XVIII: Concerning the Impurity of Priests and other Ministers of Religion.

Title V: Concerning Incest, Apostacy, and Pederasty

Law I: Concerning Incestuous and Adulterous Marriages in General.
Law II: Concerning Incestuous and Adulterous Marriages and Debauchery, either with Holy Virgins, or with Widows or other Women while doing Penance.
Law III: Concerning Men and Women who Illegally Assume the Tonsure and Dress of Religious Orders.
Law IV: Concerning the Restraint of Fraud Peculiar to Widows.
Law V: Concerning Pederasty.
Law VI: Concerning Sodomy, and the Manner in which the Law should be Enforced.
Law VII: Concerning Adultery committed with the Concubine of a Father or a Brother.

Title VI: Concerning Divorce, and the Separation of Persons who have been Betrothed

Law I: Where a Woman, justly or unjustly, is Separated from her Husband.
Law II: There shall be No Divorce between Married Persons.
Law III: There shall be No Divorce between Persons who are Betrothed.

Book IV: Concerning Natural Lineage

Title I: Concerning the Degrees of Relationship

Law I: The Nature of the First Degree.
Law II: The Affinity of the Second Degree.
Law III: The Relationship of the Third Degree.
Law IV: The Consanguinity of the Fourth Degree.
Law V: The Origin of the Fifth Degree.
Law VI: The Limits of the Sixth Degree.
Law VII: The Persons in the Seventh Degree who are not Mentioned by the Laws.

Title II: Concerning the Laws of Inheritance

Law I: Brothers and Sisters shall Share Equally in the Inheritance of their Parents.
Law II: The Children shall Come First in the Order of Succession.
Law III: Where there are no Heirs in the Direct Line, Collateral Heirs shall Inherit the Property.
Law IV: Who shalt Succeed to the Property of Those who have left no Written Wills, or have made no Disposition of their Possessions in the Presence of Witnesses.
Law V: Concerning Inheritance by Brothers and Sisters, and by such of these as are not descended from the same Parents.
Law VI: Where he who dies leaves Grandfathers or Grandmothers.
Law VII: Where he who Dies leaves Aunts.
Law VIII: Where he who Dies leaves Nephews.
Law IX: A Woman shall be entitled to a Share in an Entire Inheritance.
Law X: As a Woman has a Right to a Share of an Entire Inheritance, so he who is next in Succession shall Inherit the Remainder of the Property.
Law XI: Concerning the Inheritance of Husband and Wife, respectively.
Law XII: Concerning the Inheritance of Property from Clerks and Monks.
Law XIII: After the Death of their Mother, Children shall remain under Control of their Father; and What Disposition he shall make of their Property.
Law XIV: Where a Mother remains a Widow, she shall have an Equal Portion of the inheritance with her Children; and How a Mother ought to Dispose of the Property of her Children.
Law XV: No Wife can lay Claim to what her Husband has Gained by the Labor of her Slaves.
Law XVI: Concerning such Property as the Husband and Wife, together have Accumulated during their Married Life.
Law XVII: In what way a Child may Inherit Property.
Law XVIII: How the Parents of a Child can Inherit from Him.
Law XIX: Concerning Posthumous Children
Law XX: He who leaves no Children, has full Power to Dispose of his Property as he Pleases.

Title III: Concerning Wards and Their Guardians

Law I: What a Minor Is.
Law II: From what date Time is to be Computed in Bringing Lawsuits relating to Minors.
Law III: How the Guardianship of Wards shall be Entered upon; what Portion of their Property they shall Receive, and what Portion shall be Given to their Guardians.
Law IV: Guardians shall have no Right to Exact from Wards in their Charge any Instruments in Writing whatever.

Title IV: Concerning Foundlings

Law I: Where Anyone Casts Away, or Abandons, a Freeborn Child, he shall Serve as its Slave.
Law II: Where a Male or Female Slave shall be proved to have Cast Away a Child, with, or without the Knowledge of his or her Master.
Law III: What Compensation for Support anyone shall Receive for the Bringing up of a Child committed to his Care by its Parents.

Title V: Concerning Such Property as is Vested by the Laws of Nature

Law I: Concerning the Disinheriting of Children; and What Disposition Parents should make of their Property.
Law II: What Part of her Dowry a Woman has a Right to Bequeath.
Law III: What Property Parents should Bestow upon their Children, at the Time of their Marriage.
Law IV: Concerning Children Born of Different Parents; and What Distinctions Parents may Make in the Disposition of their Estates.
Law V: Concerning such Property as Children may have Acquired during the Lives of their Parents.

Book V: Concerning Business Transactions

Title I: Ecclesiastical Affairs

Law I: Concerning Donations to the Church.
Law II: Concerning the Preservation and Restoration of Property Belonging to the Church.
Law III: Concerning Sales and Gifts of Church Properly.
Law IV: Concerning Church Property in Charge of Those Devoted to the Service of the Church.
Law V: Concerning the Repairs of Churches, and Divers Other Matters.
Law VI: Concerning the Arbitrary Conduct of Bishops.
Law VII: Emancipated Slaves of the Church, who are still Bound to Render it Service, shall not be Permitted to Marry Persons who are Freeborn.

Title II: Concerning Donations in General

Law I: A Donation Extorted by Violence is Void.
Law II: Concerning Royal Donations.
Law III: Concerning Property Given to a Husband or a Wife by the King.
Law IV: Concerning Property, in Addition to the Dowry, Given to a Wife by her Husband.
Law V: Concerning Property Given to a Husband by his Wife; and Where a Wife has been Convicted of Adultery.
Law VI: Concerning Property Donated Verbally, or Conveyed by Instruments in Writing.
Law VII: Concerning Gifts Bestowed upon One Another by Husband and Wife.

Title III: Concerning the Gifts of Patrons

Law I: Where Anyone who has been Placed under the Control of Another, or of the Son of that Person, Deserts either his Patron, or the Children of the Latter.
Law II: Concerning Aims given to Bailiffs who have been Appointed for the Defense of Anyone, and the Acquisitions of said Bailiffs.
Law III: Concerning Property Acquired through the Appointment of a Patron, or which has been Donated by Him.
Law IV: Concerning Property Accepted and Acquired through the Office of Patron.

Title IV: Concerning Exchanges and Sales

Law I: What Constitutes a Valid Exchange, and what a Valid Purchase.
Law II: If the Vendor is not a Person of Good Character, he must give a Surety.
Law III: Any Sale made under Compulsion shall be Void.
Law IV: In Case the Price should not be Paid, after Earnest Money has been Given.
Law V: Where only Part of the Price is Paid.
Law VI: Where Fraud is Committed in Stating the Price of whatever is Sold.
Law VII: Where Anyone says that he Sold his Property for less than it was Worth.
Law VIII: Concerning Those who Sell, or Give Away, the Property of Others.
Law IX: It shall not be Lawful to Sell, or Give Away, Property whose Ownership is in Dispute.
Law X: Where a Freeman Allows Himself to be Sold.
Law XI: Concerning Free Men and Free Women Sold by Slaves or Freemen.
Law XII: It shall be Illegal for Parents to Sell their Children, or, by any Contract whatsoever, to Place Them in the Power of Others.
Law XIII: Concerning Sales by Slaves.
Law XIV: Where a Slave, who has been Sold, Accuses his Former Master of Crime.
Law XV: A Master may Claim the Property of a Slave whom he has Sold.
Law XVI: Whether a Slave may be Redeemed with his own Private Property.
Law XVII: No One, against his Will, shall be Compelled to Sell his Slaves.
Law XVIII: Where a Slave, on Account of a Crime he has Committed, is Transferred to the Possession of Another.
Law XIX: Concerning Property Belonging to Private Persons, and to the Court, which may not be Alienated.
Law XX: Where Anyone Sells, or Gives Away Property, whose Possession should first have been Transferred by Judicial Decree.
Law XXI: Of Slaves Captured and Sold by the Enemy.
Law XXII: For what Price this Book shall be Bought.

Title V: Concerning Property Committed to the Charge of, or Loaned to, Another

Law I: Concerning Animals Hired to Another.
Law II: Concerning Animals Loaned for the Purpose of Labor.
Law III: Concerning Things which have been Loaned, and afterwards Destroyed by Fire, or Lost by Theft.
Law IV: Concerning Lost Money, and the Interest on the Same.
Law V: Concerning Property Committed to the Charge of Another, and Lost by Accident at Sea.
Law VI: Concerning Property Entrusted to a Slave without his Master’s Knowledge.
Law VII: Where a Slave Fraudulently Demands Property Entrusted by his Master to Another.
Law VIII: Concerning Legal Interest.
Law IX: What shall be Paid for the Use of Fruits of the Soil.
Law X: Who are Entitled to Wills, or Instruments in Writing, which Have been Entrusted to the Keeping of Anyone.

Title VI: Concerning Pledges and Debts

Law I: Where Articles are not Pledged.
Law II: Where Pledges are Deposited, and afterwards Stolen.
Law III: Where Articles are Pledged as Security for Debts.
Law IV: Where a Pledge is not Restored when the Debt is Paid.
Law V: Where a Person is Liable for many Debts, or has Committed many Crimes.
Law VI: In what way the Debt of a Person who is Dead, or any Injury he has Committed, shall be Inquired Into.

Title VII: Concerning the Liberation of Slaves, and Freedmen

Law I: Where Slaves are Liberated, either by Instruments in Writing, or in the Presence of Witnesses.
Law II: Where a Slave Belonging to One, or to Several Persons, is set at Liberty.
Law III: Concerning Those who Declare that they are Free.
Law IV: Whether he who is enjoying Liberty, can be Returned to Slavery.
Law V: Whether he who is Sought to be Returned to Slavery, can be Deprived of any of his Properly.
Law VI: Whether he who has been Declared to be Free by his Master, in Court, can be again Reduced to on the Demand of said Master.
Law VII: Where anyone, Influenced by Fear, Asserts that he is a Slave.
Law VIII: Where a Freeman is Claimed as a Slave; or Where a Slave Declares Himself to be Free.
Law IX: For what Reasons Freedom, once Given, shall be Revoked.
Law X: Where a Freedman Inflicts Injury upon him who Gave him his Freedom.
Law XI: A Freedman shall not be Permitted to give Testimony against his Former Master, of against the Children of the Latter.
Law XII: Freedmen shall not be Permitted to Testify in Court.
Law XIII: Concerning the Disposition of the Property of a Person who has been set Free, should he Die without Leaving Legitimate Children.
Law XIV: Concerning the Conditions Imposed by a Master, where Slaves are Liberated by an instrument in Writing.
Law XV: Concerning the Liberation of Slaves belonging to the Crown.
Law XVI: Concerning the Property of Slaves belonging to the Crown, who have been Liberated.
Law XVII: Neither Freedmen, nor their Descendants, shall either Marry, or act Insolently towards, the Family of their Patron.
Law XVIII: Freedmen who have Entered any Religious Order, shall not be Returned to the Service of their Masters.
Law XIX: In what manner Royal Freedmen and their Descendants shall Defend the King, while Serving in the Army; and with whom Those in the Public Service shall March.
Law XX: Concerning Freedmen who are Guilty of Transgressions.

Book VI: Concerning Crimes and Tortures

Title I: Concerning the Accusers of Criminals

Law I: A Slave, Accused of a Crime, may be Demanded of his Master by the Officials of the District.
Law II: For what Offences, and in what Manner, Freeborn Persons shall be put to the Torture.
Law III: For what Offences, and in what manner Slaves, of Either Sex, shall be put to the Torture, on account of the Crimes of their Masters.
Law IV: For what Offences, and in what manner, a Slave, or a Freedman, shall be Tortured.
Law V: In what way an Accusation shall be Brought to the Notice of the King.
Law VI: How Kings should Practice the Duties of Mercy.
Law VII: He Alone shall be Considered Guilty who Committed the Crime.

Title II: Concerning Malefactors and their Advisors, and Poisoners

Law I: Where a Freeborn Man Consults with a Soothsayer Concerning the Health, or the Death of Another.
Law II: Concerning Poisoners.
Law III: Concerning Malefactors and their Advisers.
Law IV: Concerning Those who are Guilty of Acts of Witchcraft, or any Injury, towards Men, Animals, or any kind of Property whatsoever.

Title III: Concerning Abortion

Law I: Concerning Those who Administer Drugs for the Production of Abortion.
Law II: Where a Freeborn Man Causes a Freeborn Woman to Abort.
Law III: Where a Freeborn Woman Causes another Freeborn Woman to Abort.
Law IV: Where a Freeborn Man Produces Abortion upon a Slave.
Law V: Where a Slave Produces Abortion Upon a Freeborn Woman.
Law VI: Where a Slave Produces Abortion upon a Female Slave.
Law VII: Concerning Those who Kill their Children before, or after, they are Born.

Title IV: Concerning Injuries, Wounds, and Mutilations, Inflicted upon Men

Law I: Concerning the injury of Freemen and Slaves.
Law II: Concerning insolent Persons and their Acts.
Law III: Concerning the Law of Retaliation, and the Amount to be Paid in Lieu of the Enforcement of said Law.
Law IV: Where a Person Deprives a Traveler of his Liberty, against the Will of the Latter, and with intent to do him Injury.
Law V: He who Violates the Law by Inflicting Injury upon Another, shall undergo the same Punishment which he Himself Inflicted.
Law VI: He shall not be Considered Guilty who Struck Another, when the Latter was about to Strike Him.
Law VII: Where a Slave Insults a Freeborn Person.
Law VIII: Where one Freeborn Person Strikes Another.
Law IX: Where the Slave of Another is Mutilated by a Freeborn Person.
Law X: Where a Slave Strikes a Freeborn Person.
Law XI: Where One Slave Mutilates Another Slave.

Title V: Concerning Homicide

Law I: Where One Kills Another without Knowing it.
Law II: Where One Kills Another without Seeing Him.
Law III: Where One, being Pushed, Kills Another.
Law IV: Where One, Seeking to Strike Another, Kills a Third Person.
Law V: Where One is Killed while Interfering in a Quarrel.
Law VI: Where One, Intending to Inflict a Slight Injury, Kills Another.
Law VII: Where One, in Sport, or Recklessly, Kills Another.
Law VIII: Where One Kills Another through Immoderate Punishment.
Law IX: Where a Freeman Kills a Slave by Accident.
Law X: Where a Slave Kills a Freeman by Accident.
Law XI: Where One Man Intentionally Kills Another.
Law XII: No Master shall Kill his Slave without Good Reason; and Where One Freeman Kills Another.
Law XIII: No One shall Deprive a Male or Female Slave of a Limb.
Law XIV: Any Person may bring an Accusation of Homicide.
Law XV: Both Relatives and Strangers have a Right to Accuse a Person of Homicide.
Law XVI: Where a Homicide Takes Refuge in a Church.
Law XVII: Concerning Parricides, and the Disposition of their Property.
Law XVIII: Concerning Those who Kill Others Related to Them by Blood.
Law XIX: Where One Blood Relative is Accidentally Killed by Another.
Law XX: Where One Slave Kills Another by Accident.
Law XXI: Concerning Those who Destroy their Souls by Perjury.

Book VII: Concerning Theft and Fraud

Title I: Concerning Informers of Theft

Law I: Concerning Informers and Persons who give Information of Theft.
Law II: A Slave, Acting as Informer, must not be Believed, unless the Testimony of his Master is also Given.
Law III: Where the Informer Knew of the Commission of the Theft.
Law IV: Concerning the Compensation of an Informer.
Law V: Where an Innocent Person is Accused of Crime by an Informer.

Title II: Concerning Thieves and Stolen Property

Law I: He who is Searching for Stolen Property must Describe it.
Law II: Where a Slave Commits a Theft Before, or After, he has Received his Freedom.
Law III: Where a Slave who has Become the Property of Another Master, Commits an Unlawful Act.
Law IV: Where a Freeman Commits a Theft in Company with the Slave of Another Person.
Law V: Where a Master Commits a Theft in Company with his Slave.
Law VI: Where a Slave, Belonging In Another Person, is Instigated by Anyone to the Commission of Unlawful Acts.
Law VII: Concerning Those who Knowingly Associate with Thieves.
Law VIII: Where Anyone, Ignorantly, Buys Stolen Property of a Thief.
Law IX: Where Anyone, Knowingly, Buys Stolen Property of a Thief.
Law X: Concerning Money, and Other Property, Stolen from the King.
Law XI: Concerning the Stealing of Bells from Cattle.
Law XII: Concerning the Theft of Mill Machinery.
Law XIII: Concerning the Punishment of a Thief.
Law XIV: A Thief, when Taken, shall be Brought Before the Judge; and Where a Freeman Commits a Theft in Company with a Slave, Both shall Undergo the Same Penalty.
Law XV: Where a Thief, Defending Himself with a Sword, is Killed.
Law XVI: Where a Thief is Killed at Night, while he is Being Taken.
Law XVII: Concerning Property Injured or Destroyed, and the Reparation to be Made for what has been Damaged or Stolen.
Law XVIII: Concerning Property Rescued from Shipwreck.
Law XIX: Concerning the Property and the Heirs of Thieves.
Law XX: Concerning Those who Rescue Thieves and Other Criminals, after their Capture.
Law XXI: Where a Slave Steals from his Master, or from a Fellow-Slave.
Law XXII: Within what Time, after his Arrest, a Thief must be Brought Before the Judge.
Law XXIII: Where Anyone Secretly Kills an Animal Belonging to Another.

Title III: Concerning Appropriators and Kidnappers of Slaves

Law I: Where Anyone Seizes the Slave of Another.
Law II: Where a Freeman is Convicted of Having Stolen the Male or Female Slave of Another.
Law III: Concerning Kidnapped Children of Freeborn Persons.
Law IV: Where one Slave Kidnaps Another Belonging to a Person not his Master.
Law V: Where a Slave, at the Command of his Master, Kidnaps a Freeborn Person.
Law VI: Where a Slave, without the Knowledge of his Master, Kidnaps a Freeborn Person.

Title IV: Concerning Forgers of Documents

Law I: Where a Judge is asked to Punish Crime, and is afterwards Treated with Contempt.
Law II: The Governor of the City shall Aid the Judge in the Arrest of Persons Accused of Crime.
Law III: Where a Person Breaks out of Prison, or Influences the Jailer for that Purpose.
Law IV: Concerning the Compensation which may be Received from those in Custody.
Law V: Where a Judge who is Lenient to Offenders against the Law, Releases a Criminal.
Law VI: Concerning the Punishment of a Judge who Improperly Discharges a Criminal.
Law VII: A Person Guilty of Crime shall Receive the Sentence of the Law not Secretly, but in Public.

Title V: Concerning Forgers of Documents

Law I: Concerning those who Forge Royal Orders and Mandates.
Law II: Concerning those who Forge Documents, or Attempt to Forge Them.
Law III: Concerning those who Forge, or Serve, False Orders in the Name of the King, or Judge.
Law IV: Concerning those who Falsify a Will against the Consent of a Party while Living, or Disclose Contents of the Same.
Law V: Concerning those who Attempt to Forge or Conceal the Will of a Person Already Deceased.
Law VI: Where Anyone Assumes a Fictitious Name, or Adopts a False Lineage or Relationship.
Law VII: Concerning Documents Fraudulently Dated, Prior to their Execution.
Law VIII: Concerning Later Documents Fraudulently Executed.
Law IX: Concerning those who Falsely Write, or Publish, Decrees and Edicts of the King.

Title VI: Concerning Counterfeiters of Metals

Law I:Concerning the Torture of Slaves, in Order to Convict their Masters of Counterfeiting Money; and the Reward of Witnesses who have given Information of the Same.
Law II:Concerning those who Debase Solidi, or Other Coins.
Law III:Concerning those who Debase Gold by a Mixture of Other Metals.
Law IV:Where Artificers of Metals are Found to have Abstracted a Portion, of what was Entrusted to Them.
Law V:No One shall Refuse to Accept a Golden Solidus of Legal Weight.

Book VIII: Concerning Acts of Violence and Injuries

Title I: Concerning Attacks, and Plunder of Property

Law I: The Patron, or the Master, shall Alone be Held Guilty, if, by his Orders, a Freeman or a Slave should Commit any Unlawful Act.
Law II: Where a Party in Possession is Expelled by Force.
Law III: Where Many Persons Unite in Causing Bloodshed.
Law IV: Where a Person is Shut up by Violence, Inside his Own House, or Within his Gate.
Law V: Property, while in the Possession of Another, shall not be Seized, Except Under Legal Process.
Law VI: Where a Person is Guilty of Asking Others to Commit Depredations.
Law VII: A House shall not be Entered in the Absence of the Master, or while he is on a Public Expedition.
Law VIII: Where the Slaves of a Person who is Absent on a Public Expedition Commit Unlawful Acts.
Law IX: Concerning Those who, while on a Public Expedition, Commit Robbery or Other Depredations.
Law X: He in whose Possession Stolen Property has been Found, shall be Compelled to Name his Associates in the Crime.
Law XI: Concerning Those who are Guilty of Giving Directions to Others for Purposes of Robbery.
Law XII: Concerning Those who Rob, or Inflict Annoyance upon Anyone, while he is on a Journey, or at Work in the Country.
Law XIII: Whether a Person Caught in the Act of Robbery may be Killed.

Title II: Concerning Arson and Incendiaries

Law I: Concerning Those who set Fire to Houses, either Within or Without a City.
Law II: Where Forests are set on Fire.
Law III: Where a Conflagration Results from the Smoldering Campfire of a Traveler.

Title III: Concerning injuries to Trees, Gardens, or Growing Crops of any Description

Law I: Concerning the Compensation for Cutting Down Trees.
Law II: Where Anyone Destroys the Garden of Another.
Law III: Where Injury, or Homicide, Results from the Cutting Down of a Tree.
Law IV: Where a Tree is Partially Cut Down, or is Injured by Fire.
Law V: Concerning the Cutting Down, Tearing Up, or Burning of Vines; and the Seizure of Growing Crops.
Law VI: Where Fences are Cut Down, or Burned.
Law VII: Where Fence Posts are Cut.
Law VIII: Where Anyone is Caught with a Vehicle, in a Wood Belonging to Another.
Law IX: Concerning the Unreasonable Enclosure of Orchards, Vineyards, and Pastures.
Law X: Where Animals are Voluntarily Loosed in Fields where there are Crops, or in Vineyards.
Law XI: Where Animals Damage Growing Crops.
Law XII: Where an Enclosed Field is Ruined by Flocks.
Law XIII: Where Fruits of any Kind are Destroyed by Animals.
Law XIV: Where, while Anyone is Driving Cattle out of Cultivated Fields, Another Person Rescues them, or Takes Possession of them afterwards Secretly or by Force.
Law XV: Concerning Animals Found in Vineyards, Fields of Grain, or Meadows.
Law XVI: Where Animals Depart from Fields of Growing Grain Before they are Driven Out.
Law XVII: Where Anyone Mutilates an Animal found in a Field of Grain.

Title IV: Concerning Injury to Animals, and Other Property

Law I: Where a Horse, or any other Animal, which has been Tied Up, is Removed, or Injured, in any Way, Without the Consent of the Owner.
Law II: Where any Animal which has been Loaned, is Used against the Direction or Will of the Owner, or is Abused.
Law III: Where the Mane or Tail of a Horse, or any Other Animal, is cut off by Anyone.
Law IV: Where Anyone Castrates an Animal Belonging to Another.
Law V: Where Anyone Produces an Abortion upon a Beast of Burden Belonging to Another.
Law VI: Where Anyone Produces an Abortion upon any kind of Animal Belonging to Another.
Law VII: Where Animals of any kind Injure One Another.
Law VIII: Where a Person Kills an Animal Belonging to Another, whether he has been Injured by said Animal, or Not.
Law IX: Where an Ox, Belonging to Another, is Used for Labor, without the Consent of its Owner.
Law X: Where Animals, of any kind, Belonging to Another are Overworked in the Threshing of Grain.
Law XI: Where Cattle, which have done no Injury, are Shut Up.
Law XII: Where an Animal Causes Injury to Anyone.
Law XIII: Where an Animal is Injured, or Killed, by a Blow.
Law XIV: Where Cattle, Belonging to Another, with or without the Knowledge of the Owner, are Mingled with the Herd or Flock of the Latter.
Law XV: Where Anything Intended to Frighten an Animal is Fastened to it, and it should be either Injured, or Killed, in Consequence.
Law XVI: Where a Vicious Animal, while on the Premises of its Owner, Kills Anyone.
Law XVII: Where Anyone Rids himself of a Vicious Animal, or Still Retains it in his Possession.
Law XVIII: Where Anyone Teases an Animal and is Injured by it, he Alone shall be Responsible for the Injury.
Law XIX: Where a Dog that has been Irritated, whether the Provocation, was Wanton or not, is Proved to have Injured, or Killed Anyone.
Law XX: Concerning a Vicious Dog.
Law XXI: Concerning Injuries to Clothing.
Law XXII: Where a Trespasser Falls into a Trap set for Wild Animals.
Law XXIII: He who sets Snares or Traps for Wild Beasts, must Inform his Neighbors of the Places where said Snares are Set.
Law XXIV: Concerning Injuries Resulting from the Obstruction of Highways.
Law XXV: Of the Space that is to be Preserved along Public Highways.
Law XXVI: Where the Animals of Persons Traversing Fields that are not Enclosed, are Driven Away.
Law XXVII: Animals Driven along the Highway Cannot be Excluded from Open Pastures.
Law XXVIII: He who has Land under Cultivation along the Bank of a River, has a Right to Enclose the Same.
Law XXIX: Concerning the Right to Enclose Streams.
Law XXX: Concerning Those who Damage Mills, and Ponds.
Law XXXI: Concerning Those who Steal Water from Streams Belonging to Others.

Title V: Concerning the Pasturage of Hogs and Concerning Strays

Law I: Where Hogs are Pastured on Acorns Either without Authority, or under Contract.
Law II: Where Hogs are Fed on Acorns on Land Belonging to Several Persons.
Law III: Where hogs Turned on Land to be Fed on Acorns under Contract, are Taken away by Stealth, Before the Tenth Part of Said Hogs are Delivered.
Law IV: Where Hogs are Found Wandering in Woodland.
Law V: Where a Drove of Animals, of any Kind, Enter upon the Pasture-land of Another Person.
Law VI: Public Notice shall be given of Strays by him who Find them.
Law VII: Whoever Finds any Strays shall take Proper Care the Same.
Law VIII: No Stray Animal shall be Either Sheared, Branded or Appropriated by Anyone.

Title VI: Concerning Bees, and the Damage They Cause

Law I: Where a Person Finds Bees on his Property.
Law II: Where Bees Cause any Damage.
Law III: Concerning the Theft of Bees.

Book IX: Concerning Fugitives and Refugees

Title I: Concerning Fugitives, and Those who Conceal, and Assist Them in Their Flight

Law I: Where a Freeman or a Slave is Found to have Concealed a Fugitive.
Law II: Where a Fugitive is Released from his Chains by any Person.
Law III: Within what Time a Fugitive Slave that has been Found, shall be Produced Before the Judge.
Law IV: Where Anyone, Ignorantly, Receives a Fugitive Slave and Cares for Him.
Law V: Where Anyone Persuades the Slave of Another to Flee, or Shows him Hospitality.
Law VI: Where a Man, Unknown to be a Slave, is Received by Another, and Remains with him Several Days.
Law VII: Where a Slave, Knowingly, Directs a Fugitive Slave in his Flight.
Law VIII: Concerning the Reception of Fugitive Slaves, and Whether a Master or a Slave may Receive a Fugitive Slave Belonging to Another.
Law IX: Where a Fugitive Slave Comes to the House of any Person, Notice of the Fact must be Given to the Neighbors and Authorities of the District.
Law X: Where a Slave that has been Sold into a Foreign Country, Returns as a Fugitive, and is Sold Second Time, he shall be Entitled to his Freedom.
Law XI: Where a Fugitive Slave Takes Refuge with Another Person, an Investigation must be Made, to Ascertain whether he was not Sent by his Master, in Order that the Latter might Receive Compensation from the Person who Received said Slave.
Law XII: Where a Slave, Falsely Declaring that he is Free, Serves Another for Hire.
Law XIII: Where a Fugitive Slave is Found in the House of any Person.
Law XIV: Concerning the Reward for Arresting a Fugitive Slave.
Law XV: Where a Fugitive Slave Falsely Declares that he is Freeborn.
Law XVI: Where a Fugitive Slave, Declaring that he is Freeborn, Marries a Freeborn Woman.
Law XVII: Concerning Property Acquired by Fugitive Slaves.
Law XVIII: Concerning Those who Refuse to Restore Slaves to their Masters.
Law XIX: Where a Freeman, or a Slave, Undertakes the Concealment of Robbers.
Law XX: A Judge must Surrender a Fugitive Slave, with all the Property Found in his Possession, to his Master.
Law XXI: Concerning Fugitive Slaves, and those who Shelter Them.

Title II: Concerning Those who Refuse to go to War, and Deserters

Law I: Where an Officer of the Army, Corrupted by a Bribe Permits a Soldier to Depart, or does not Compel him to Leave his Home.
Law II: Where Conscription Officers Appropriate the Property of Those they Call to Arms.
Law III: Where an Officer of the Army Abandons the War, and Returns Home, or Permits Others to do so.
Law IV: Where an Officer of the Army, Deserting the Service, Returns Home, or Compels Others to do so.
Law V: Where a Conscription Officer Receives a Bribe to Permit Soldiers who are not Ill, to Remain at Home.
Law VI: Concerning those who Appropriate Army Rations, or are Guilty of Fraud in the Distribution of the Same.
Law VII: What Reward he who Rescues Slaves, or Property, from the Possession of the Enemy, shall be Entitled to.
Law VIII: What Conduct shall be Pursued when Public Scandal Arises within the Bounds of Spain.
Law IX: Concerning Those who Fail to Enlist at the Appointed Time or Place, or Desert; and What Proportion of the Slaves Belonging to any Person shall Join the Army.

Title III: Concerning Those who Seek Sanctuary in a Church

Law I: No One, Claiming the Privilege of Sanctuary in a Church, shall be Taken from Thence by Force, Unless he Defends himself with Arms.
Law II: Where a Person Seeks Sanctuary in a Church, and is Killed, while Defending himself with Arms.
Law III: Concerning the Penalty for Removing a Man from a Church by Force.
Law IV: A Debtor, or a Criminal, Cannot be Forcibly Removed from a Church, and must Pay such Debts, or Penalties, as are Due.

Book X: Concerning Partition, Limitation, and Boundaries

Title I: Concerning Partition, and Lands Conveyed by Contract

Law I: A Partition Once Made, shall Remain Forever in Force.
Law II: No Partition Made Between Brothers shall be Revoked, Even if it was not Made in Writing, but Only in the Presence of a Competent Witness.
Law III: Where a Partition is Made Among Many Persons by the Majority, and those Entitled to the Larger Share, it shall not be Changed by any Act of the Minority.
Law IV: One Heir shall have the Right to Act for all the Others, either as Plantiff or Defendant.
Law V: Where Anyone Violates a Contract Establishing a Partition, and Seizes a Portion of the Property.
Law VI: Where an Heir Plants a Vineyard, or Erects a House, on Land Belonging to his Co-Heirs.
Law VII: Where one Person Plants a Vineyard on the Land of Another, to which he has no Title.
Law VIII: Concerning the Division of Lands Made Between Goths and Romans.
Law IX: Concerning Forests Still Undivided Among Goths and Romans.
Law X: Whatever Acts a Slave may Perform, without the Order of his Master, shall be Void, except when Otherwise Provided by Law.
Law XI: Whoever Enters upon Land, under a Lease, must Comply with his Contract.
Law XII: Where Lands are Leased, by a Written Contract, for a Term of Years.
Law XIII: Where he who Rents Land under Contract, Cultivates a Greater Area than he has a Right to do, under the Conditions of the Same.
Law XIV: Where a Dispute Arises Between Landlord and Tenant, Concerning Arable Lands, or Forests, which are Leased.
Law XV: Both Tenants must Pay the Rent for Land which has been Sublet.
Law XVI: Where Goths have Appropriated any of the Third Part of Land Belonging to Romans, they shall Restore the Entire Amount to the Romans, under Order of Court.
Law XVII: Concerning the Partition of Property Among the Blood-Relatives of Slaves, and the Distribution of their Personal Estates.
Law XVIII: All Personal Property shall be Classed under One Title.
Law XIX: Where a Contract is not Complied with, According to its Terms.

Title II: Concerning the Limitations of Fifty and Thirty Years

Law I: After the Lapse of Fifty Years, Neither Goths not Romans can Assert a Claim to Property.
Law II: No Fugitive Slave shall Again be Reduced to Servitude, after the Lapse of Fifty Years.
Law III: No Suit at Law shall be Brought Thirty Years After the Cause of Action has Arisen.
Law IV: The Limitation of Thirty Years shall Run in all Cases Excepting those where Slaves of the Crown are Concerned.
Law V: Concerning Claims made within Thirty Years.
Law VI: The Limitation of Thirty Years shall not Run while Persons are Exiled.
Law VII: Within what Time Slaves Belonging to the Crown can Again be Reduced to Slavery.

Title III: Concerning Boundaries and Landmarks

Law I: How Boundaries and Landmarks shall be Preserved.
Law II: Concerning the Destruction and Removal of Landmarks.
Law III: What is to be Done when a Dispute Arises Concerning Boundaries.
Law IV: Where One Person makes a Claim to Land Included within the Boundaries of Another.
Law V: Where any Change was made in the Boundaries of Land During the Time of the Romans, no Claim Based upon Other Boundaries shall Prevail.

Book XI: Concerning the Sick and the Dead and Merchants who Come from Beyond

Title I: Concerning Physicians and Sick Persons

Law I: No Physician shall Presume to Bleed a Woman, in the Absence of her Relatives.
Law II: No Physician shall Visit Persons Confined in Prison.
Law III: Where a Physician Treats Disease under a Contract.
Law IV: Where a Sick Person Dies, while a Physician is Treating him under a Contract.
Law V: Where a Physician Removes a Cataract from the Eye.
Law VI: Where a Freeman or a Slave Dies from Being Bled.
Law VII: Concerning the Compensation to be Received for the Instruction of a Student in Medicine.
Law VIII: No Physician shall be Imprisoned without a Hearing.

Title II: Concerning Those who Disturb Sepulchres

Law I: Concerning Persons who Deface or Injure Tombs.
Law II: Where a Coffin is Removed from a Grave.

Title III: Concerning Merchants who Come from Beyond Seas

Law I: Where Foreign Merchants are Detected Selling Stolen Property.
Law II: Foreign Merchants shall be Judged by their own Magistrates, and according to their own Laws.
Law III: Where a Foreign Merchant Carries Away with him, from our Kingdom, a Person whom he has Hired.
Law IV: Where a Foreign Merchant takes away a slave for Purposes of Commerce.

Book XII: Concerning the Prevention of Official Oppression, and the Thorough Extinction of Heretical Sects

Title I: Concerning the Exercise of Moderation in Judicial Decisions, and the Avoiding of Oppression by Those Invested with Authority

Law I: Concerning the Admonition of the King, by which Judges are Ordered to Display Moderation in the Administration of Justice.
Law II: No Official, Invested with Power Over the People and Supervision Over their Acts, shall Subject them to Unnecessary Expense, or Other Impositions.

Title II: Concerning the Eradication of the Errors of all Heretics and Jews

Law I: Laws Having Been Given to True Believers, it is Now Necessary to Place Restraints upon Infidels.
Law II: Concerning the Renunciation of the Errors of all Heresies.
Law III: Concerning the Laws Promulgated on Account of the Wickedness of the Jews.
Law IV: Concerning the Extirpation of the Errors of the Jews in General.
Law V: Jews shall not Celebrate the Passover According to their Custom.
Law VI: Jews shall not Contract Marriage According to their Custom.
Law VII: Jews shall not Perform the Rite of Circumcision.
Law VIII: Jews shall not Divide their Food into Clean and Unclean According to their Custom.
Law IX: No Jew shall Subject a Christian to Torture.
Law X: No Jew shall Testify Against a Christian; and Under what Circumstances the Descendants of Jews may Testify.
Law XI: No Jew shall Circumcise a Christian Slave.
Law XII: Concerning the Penalties to be Inflicted for Offences Committed by Jews.
Law XIII: Concerning Christian Slaves who are Known to have been Sold or Liberated by Jews.
Law XIV: Under no Circumstances shall Christian Slaves Attach themselves to Jews, or be Admitted into their Sect.
Law XV: All Christians are Forbidden to Defend or Protect a Jew, by Either Force or Favor.
Law XVI: Memorial of the Jews Presented to the King.
Law XVII: Concerning Judaizing Christians.
Law XVIII: Concerning the Perfidy of the Jews.

Title III: Concerning New Laws against the Jews, in which Old Ones are Confirmed, and New Ones are Added

Law I: Concerning Old Laws Enacted Against the Transgressions of the Jews, and the Confirmation of the Same.
Law II: Concerning Blasphemers Against the Holy Trinity.
Law III: Jews shall not Absent themselves, or Remove their Children or Slaves, to Avoid the Blessing of Baptism.
Law IV: Jews shall not Celebrate the Passover According to their Customs, or Practice Circumcision, or Induce any Christian to Renounce the Church of Christ.
Law V: Jews shall not Presume to Keep the Sabbath, or Celebrate Festival Days, According to their Ritual.
Law VI: Every Jew shall Cease from Labor on Sunday, and on all Appointed Holidays.
Law VII: Jews shall not make any Distinction in their Food According to their Custom.
Law VIII: A Jew shall not Marry a Person Nearly Related to him by Blood, or Contract Marriage without the Benediction of a Priest.
Law IX: Jews who Insult our Religion, while Attempting to Defend their own Sect, shall not Betake themselves Elsewhere; nor shall Anyone Shelter them while Fugitives.
Law X: No Christian shall Accept a Gift from a Jew, to the Detriment of the Christian Faith.
Law XI: Jews shall not Dare to Read Such Books as the Christian Faith Rejects.
Law XII: Christian Slaves shall not Serve, or Associate with, Jews.
Law XIII: Where a Jew Declares that he is a Christian, and, for this Reason, does not wish to Dispose of a Christian Slave.
Law XIV: The Confession of Jews; and In What Way Each One of Them, who is Converted, must Write Down the Proof of his Conversion.
Law XV: Conditions under which Jews must Make Oath, when, having been Converted, they have in their Confession of Faith.
Law XVI: Concerning the Christian Slaves of Jews, who have not Proclaimed Themselves Christians, and those who Expose Them.
Law XVII: No Jew, under any Authority whatever, shall Dare to Oppress, Punish, or Imprison a Christian, Except by Order of the King.
Law XVIII: If Slaves of Jews, not yet Converted, should Claim the Grace of Christ, they shall be Liberated.
Law XIX: Jews shall not Rule Christians under the Authority of Mayors of Towns or of Superintendents of Estates; and Concerning the Penalties to be Imposed upon Such as Appoint them to Office.
Law XX: Where a Jew comes from Another Country into any of the Provinces of Our Kingdom, he Must, at once, Present himself before a Bishop, a Priest, or a Judge; and What shall be Done under the Circumstances.
Law XXI: How Assemblies of Jews shall Visit the Bishop on Appointed Days.
Law XXII: Where Anyone has a Jew in his Service, and a Priest Demands him, the Master shall not have a Right to Retain said Jew.
Law XXIII: All Restraint of and Control over the Jews shall be Vested in the Priesthood.
Law XXIV: Concerning the Penalties to be Imposed upon Priests and Judges who Neglect to Enforce the Laws against the Jews.
Law XXV: No Judge shall Presume to Investigate the Offences of the Jews without the Knowledge of an Ecclesiastic.
Law XXVI: Bishops shall be Immune from Punishment, when their Priests do not Inform them of Such Things as Should be Corrected.
Law XXVII: Concerning the Mercy to be Shown by Princes, towards Those who have been Truly Converted to the Christian Faith.
Law XXVIII: Bishops shall Give to all Jews a Copy of this Book, which has been Published for the Purpose of Correcting their Errors; and their Confessions and a Record of their Conversion, shall be Deposited among the Archives of the Church.

NOTE: This volume was published originally in Boston by the Boston Book Company in 1910. The work is edited and translated by S.P. Scott. Pagination in this edition, as set off in bold face and brackets, for example: [10], refers to that of the 1910 print edition and is included here for ease of citation.

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