Court of Justice of the European Union
The Court of Justice of the European Union (Article 19 Teu)Content about Court Of Justice Of The European Union from the publication “The ABC of European Union law” (2010, European Union) by Klaus-Dieter Borchardt.
Any system will endure only if its rules are supervised by an independent authority. What is more, in a union of states the common rules – if they are subject to control by the national courts – are interpreted and applied differently from one state to another. The uniform application of Union law in all Member States would thus be jeopardised. These considerations led to the establishment of a Community Court of Justice in 1952, as soon as the first Community (the ECSC) was created. In 1957 it also then became the judicial body for the other two Communities (E(E)C and Euratom). Today it is the judicial body of the EU.
Context of Court Of Justice Of The European Union in the European Union
The judicial work is now carried out on three levels by:
_the Court of Justice as the highest instance in the Community legal order (Article 253 TFEU);
_ the General Court (Article 254 TFEU);
_ the specialised courts, which may be appointed to the General Court to decide on cases in particular areas (Article 257 TFEU).