Crimes Against Public Activity

Crimes Against Public Activity in Europe

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden

Crimes against Public Activity in the Swedish Penal Code

The Swedish Criminal Code was adopted in 1962 and entered into force on 1 January 1965. It contains provisions on crimes against public activity and on most of the acts

that constitute crimes in Sweden. The provisions on other crimes

are to be found in special legislation.

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 12

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 12 reads as follows: A person who assists someone who is an inmate of a prison, or who is remanded in custody or arrested, or otherwise lawfully deprived of his liberty, to gain his freedom or, after such escape, aids him by hiding him or by other like action, shall be sentenced for aiding escape to a fine or imprisonment for at most one year. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most four years shall be imposed. Punishment shall not be imposed if the act is considered petty having regard to the nature and purpose of the deprivation of liberty, the means employed by the perpetrator and his relationship to the person whose escape he has aided. (Law 1993:207)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 7

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 7 reads as follows: A person who gives, promises or offers a bribe or other improper reward to an employee or other person defined in Chapter 20, Section 2, for the exercise of official duties, shall be sentenced for bribery to a fine or imprisonment for at most two years. (Law 1977:103)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 11

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 11 reads as follows: A person who hides someone who has committed a crime, helps him to escape, destroys evidence concerning the crime, or in other like ways thwarts its discovery or prosecution, shall be sentenced for protecting a criminal to a fine or imprisonment for at most one year. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most four years shall be imposed. A person who did not realise but had reasonable grounds to assume that the other was a criminal, shall be sentenced to pay a fine. No sentence shall be imposed if having regard to the relationship of the accused to the criminal and other circumstances the crime is to be considered petty. (Law 1993:207)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 13

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 13 reads as follows: A person who unlawfully moves, damages or otherwise disposes of property that is subject to distraint, provisional attachment, security of payment, confiscation or other similar measure, damages or removes an official notice or seal or otherwise unlawfully opens something officially closed or breaches some similar officially proclaimed order, shall be sentenced for violation of official order to a fine or imprisonment for at most one year. A person who refuses admittance which a functionary has the right to demand, shall be sentenced for obstructing a functionary to a fine. (Law 1981:827)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 9

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 9 reads as follows: A person who without authorisation seeks to secure information about matters which, with respect to the exercise of suffrage on public questions shall be kept secret, shall be sentenced for violating the privacy of suffrage to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months.

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 10

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 10 reads as follows: A person who, by violence or threat of violence, assaults someone because he has, in court or before another authority, filed a complaint, pleaded a cause, testified, or else made a statement at a hearing, or to prevent him from so doing, shall be sentenced for interference in a judicial matter to a fine or imprisonment for at most two years. The same shall apply to a person who by some other act causes suffering, injury or inconvenience, or by threat of such act, assaults someone because the latter testified or made some other statement at an official hearing, or does so to prevent the making of such a statement. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most six years shall be imposed (Law 1997:389)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 1

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 1 reads as follows: A person who, by violence or threat of violence, attacks anyone in his exercise of public authority or compels him to perform or to prevent him from performing an official act or for the purpose of taking revenge for such act, shall be sentenced for violence or threat to public servant to imprisonment for at most four years or, if the crime is petty, to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. This also applies if a person assaults someone who has previously exercised public authority for something the latter did or failed to do while in office. (Law 1975:667)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 8

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 8 reads as follows: A person who, in an election to public office or in connection with some other exercise of suffrage in public matters, attempts to prevent voting or to tamper with its outcome or otherwise improperly influence the vote, shall be sentenced for improper activity at election to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at most four years shall be imposed. In assessing whether the crime is gross, special attention shall be paid to whether it had been committed by use of violence or the threat of violence or had involved misuse of an official position. A person who receives, accepts a promise of or demands an improper favour for voting in a certain manner or for abstaining from voting on a public matter, shall be sentenced, unless it is a crime of taking a bribe, for accepting an improper reward for voting to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. (Law 1977:103)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 2

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 2 reads as follows: A person who, otherwise than as stated in Section 1, in order to compel or prevent someone in his exercise of public authority or in order to take revenge for an official action, wrongfully engages in an act which causes such person suffering, injury or inconvenience, or threatens to have such consequence, shall be sentenced for outrageous conduct toward a public servant to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at most four years shall be imposed. (Law 1975:667)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 15

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 15 reads as follows: An unauthorised person who claims to be exercising public authority, shall be sentenced for pretence of public office to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. This also applies to a person who without authority wears a uniform, symbol or other service token which makes him appear to belong to the armed services or some other branch of public service or to a service dealing with public communications or the public supply of water, light, heat or power. If the crime has caused considerable harm to the public or to any individual or is otherwise to be regarded as gross, the offender shall be sentenced to imprisonment for at most two years. An unauthorised person who claims to be an advocate, shall be sentenced for pretending to be an advocate to a fine. (Law 1975:667)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 16

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 16 reads as follows: Attempt or preparation to commit violence or threat against a public servant shall be punishable under the provisions of Chapter 23 unless the crime would have been considered petty had it been completed. Attempt or preparation to aid escape shall also be punishable under the provisions of Chapter 23. (Law 1981:463)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 4

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 4 reads as follows: Even in cases not previously provided for in this Chapter, a person who resists or otherwise seeks to prevent anyone in his exercise of public authority shall be sentenced for violent resistance to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. (Law 1975:667)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 17

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 17 reads as follows: If a bribe has been given to a person who is neither an employee of the State or a local authority nor defined by Chapter 20, Section 2, second paragraph, points 1 – 4, a public prosecutor may only prosecute if the crime is reported for prosecution by the employer or principal of the person exposed to bribery or if prosecution is called for in the public interest. (Law 1977:103)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 3

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 3 reads as follows: Repealed (Law 1975:667)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 14

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 14 reads as follows: Repealed (Law 1975:667)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 6

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 6 reads as follows: Repealed (Law 1976:509)

Crimes against Public Activity in Sweden under

Section 5

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 17, on Crimes against Public Activity, the Section 5 reads as follows: The provisions of Sections 1, 2 and 4 shall also apply if a person, as stated in those Sections, commits an outrage against or hinders anyone who, by special order, shall enjoy the same protection as is associated with the exercise of public authority or who is or has been summoned to assist a public servant with a measure for which such protection is provided. (Law 1975:667)

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