Crimes of Falsification

Crimes of Falsification in Europe

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden

Crimes of Falsification in the Swedish Penal Code

The Swedish Criminal Code was adopted in 1962 and entered into force on 1 January 1965. It contains provisions on crimes of falsification and on most of the acts

that constitute crimes in Sweden. The provisions on other crimes

are to be found in special legislation.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 6

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 6 reads as follows: A person who counterfeits a banknote or coin valid within or outside the Realm or otherwise forges a banknote or coin, shall be sentenced for counterfeiting currency to imprisonment for at most four years or, if the crime is petty, to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at least two and at most eight years shall be imposed.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 7

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 7 reads as follows: A person who counterfeits a valid postage stamp, cover stamp or other domestic or foreign stamp indicating value, whether official or meant for general use, or an official domestic or foreign control stamp on a measure, weight, merchandise, document or other thing, or affixes such false stamp or falsely affixes a genuine stamp, or otherwise forges such a stamp or the object stamped, shall, if the act jeopardises proof, be sentenced for stamp forgery to imprisonment for at most two years or, if the crime is petty, to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most four years shall be imposed.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 4

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 4 reads as follows: A person who destroys, renders unserviceable or removes a document which he has no right at the time to dispose of in such manner, shall, if the act jeopardises proof and is not to be regarded as a bookkeeping crime, be sentenced for suppression of a document to imprisonment for at most two years or, if the crime is petty, to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most four years shall be imposed. (Law 1982:150)

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 8

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 8 reads as follows: A person who falsely affixes a mark or other object which can be taken to be a valid boundary mark, water mark, fixed point or other mark for the measure of surface or height, or moves, takes away, damages or destroys such a mark, shall, if the act jeopardises proof, be sentenced for falsification of fixed mark to imprisonment for at most four years or, if the crime is petty, to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 9

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 9 reads as follows: A person who invokes a false document, offers or holds for sale a work with a false signature, passes a counterfeit banknote or coin, uses a false mark indicating value or a false control stamp, invokes a false fixed mark or otherwise makes use of anything that has been falsified in a manner described above, shall, if the act jeopardises proof, be sentenced for the use of that which was falsified as if he himself had made the falsification.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 5

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 5 reads as follows: A person who without permission affixes to or otherwise forges another person's name or signature on a work of art or applied art or on some similar such product and thereby makes it appear that the latter has confirmed himself to be the originator of the product, shall be sentenced for forgery of signature to imprisonment for at most two years or, if the crime is petty, to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most four years shall be imposed. (Law 1970:489)

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 1

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 1 reads as follows: A person who, by writing the name of another person, real or fictitious, or by deceit obtains another's signature or in other ways produces a false document or deceitfully alters or adds to a genuine document, shall, if the act jeopardises proof, be sentenced for falsification of a document to imprisonment for at most two years. A document is to be considered as including a protocol, contract, promissory note, certificate or other record established as evidence or otherwise important as evidence and also an identification card, ticket or similar evidential token.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 10

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 10 reads as follows: A person who, in a case other than as described in Section 9, distributes generally something that can easily be mistaken for a valid banknote, coin or other official token of value, shall be sentenced for illegal distribution of imitations to a fine.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 11

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 11 reads as follows: A person, who has incurred criminal responsibility under the above provisions of this Chapter, but voluntarily and before any considerable inconvenience has arisen has averted in the matter of proof the jeopardy presented by the act, may be sentenced to a lesser punishment than that provided for the crime. No punishment shall be imposed if the danger occasioned by the act was slight and the punishment provided for the act does not exceed imprisonment for one year.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 12

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 12 reads as follows: An attempt or preparation to commit document forgery, gross document forgery, suppression of document, forgery of signature, counterfeiting of currency, stamp forgery, falsification of fixed mark, or to use something which is falsified, and also for failure to disclose the counterfeiting of currency, shall be punishable under the provisions of Chapter 23. However, no punishment shall be imposed if the crime, had it been completed, would have been regarded as petty.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 3

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 3 reads as follows: If the crime defined in Section 1 is considered gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most six years shall be imposed for gross falsification of a document. In assessing whether the crime is gross, special attention shall be paid to whether the falsification involved a public authority's important archival document or a document of special importance in general commerce such as a bond, a share certificate or a mortgage or whether the act was in other ways of an especially harmful nature.

Crimes of Falsification in Sweden under

Section 2

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 14, on Crimes of Falsification, the Section 2 reads as follows: If the crime defined in Section 1 is regarded as petty a fine or imprisonment for at most six months shall be imposed for falsifying a document. In assessing whether a crime is petty, special attention shall be paid to whether the document was of little importance, such as a cash register receipt, counter token or like proof of receipt, or the act was committed to aid a person to gain his right.

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