Desistance in Europe
Restorative Justice and Desistance: Methodology for an Empirical Study
Anna Meléndez, from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category “Punishment and its alternatives,” under the title “Restorative Justice and Desistance: Methodology for an Empirical Study”. Here is the abstract: This poster presents the methodology for a research study of restorative justice and desistance, focused on mediations processes in Spain. The aim of the research is to examine the capacity of restorative justice to have an influence on the decision to desist and to identify the causal mechanisms that leads the participation in a mediation process and desistance. The research design is based on some of the most important evaluation models in restorative justice (Shapland et al, 2003; 2007; Daly, 2000) and it has been adapted to the desistance model. The procedure of the empirical study has two main parts. The first has itself three different steps: The first step takes part before starting the first individual mediation session; the second one will take place during the direct mediation, in which victim and offender meet together with one mediator; and finally, the third step will occur immediately after the direct mediation. The second part takes place 6 months later, after de direct mediation. The research methods are qualitative and quantitative. In the first part of the study a previous and a post self-administered survey and a previous and post attitudinal test will be administered. Both, surveys and tests, belong to the first and third step, previously explained. A systematic and non participant observation will be done in the second step, during the direct mediation. Finally, the second part of the research, taking place 6 months later, consists in a final narrative interview with the offenders who have been observed during the direct mediation.
- “Restorative Justice and Desistance: Methodology for an Empirical Study”, by Anna Meléndez (Proceedings)