European Defence Community

European Defence Community in Europe

Description of European Defence Community (EDC)

The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes european defence community (edc) in the following terms: [1] The EDC was the first major failure of the federal cause in Europe (see more in this European encyclopedia). By 1950 the Cold War was under way and the Korean War had just broken out. The UK and the USA wanted German rearmament, while the six members of the soon-to-be-created European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), spiritually led by Jean Monnet, wanted a European army with mixed nationality units, as a prelude to a wider economic and political unity. The project fell apart in 1954 when the French assembly, to the strains of the ‘Marseillaise’, rejected the EDCTreaty, which had been in abeyance since its signature in 1952. The effects of the collapse of the EDC were rapid and far-reaching (see more in this European encyclopedia). In 1954 Germany joined NATO and in 1955 Monnet retired from the presidency of the ECSC to devote himself to lobbying for a United States of Europe, playing an influential role in the events which led up to the Treaty of Rome in 1957. It would not be until the late 1990s that military independence would reappear on the European agenda. (See also WEU.)

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Notas y References

  1. Based on the book “A Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union from Aachen to Zollverein”, by Rodney Leach (Profile Books; London)

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