European Security and Defence Identity in Europe
Description of ESDI (European Security and Defence Identity)
The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes esdi (european security and defence identity) in the following terms:  It is a universal principle of defence policy that it proceeds from agreed foreign policy aims – protection of overseas trading interests, deterrence of military threats, the honouring of alliances, the defence of a friendly political order, and so forth. The aims of the member states of the EU are too disparate to underpin a coherent foreign policy, as has been clear in several crises, from the Falklands War to the Gulf and Yugoslav crises. Thus the ESDI is designed less to describe a genuine identity of interests than to justify the EU in building a military apparatus appropriate to a unified state.
Given France’s historical antipathy to US ‘hegemony’, reflected in its refusal to join NATO’s integrated command, the ESDI poses the question whether the EUmeans to strengthen its capacities within NATO (a burden-sharing move that the USA would welcome) or whether it means to create a rival to NATO.Europe’s rhetoric on this varies, depending on the speaker and the audience (see more in this European encyclopedia). Either way, large increases in European defence expenditure would be necessary, which would go against a strong trend of cuts during the last decade (see more in this European encyclopedia). (See also Common Foreign and Security Policy.)
European Security and Defence Identity and the European Union
Notas y References
- Based on the book “A Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union from Aachen to Zollverein”, by Rodney Leach (Profile Books; London)