Europol in Europe

Description of Europol

The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes europol in the following terms: [1] Europol, the EU’s embryonic FBI, was foreshadowed in the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, which provided for police co-operation between member states to combat terrorism, drug trafficking and other international crime (see more in this European encyclopedia). The EuropolConvention was not, however, agreed until 1995 and by 2000 only a few member states had signed it. Pending wider ratification, Europol’s activities are limited to exchanges of information and a certain amount of investigation through a staff of national police officers attached to its office in The Hague (see more in this European encyclopedia). Although the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam attempted to promote Europol by bringing certain police work under the sway of the EU, home affairs remain for the time being mostly in the intergovernmental domain. France has not been alone in raising the alarm over the prospect of ceding control of its national police force, which appeared to be the logical outcome of former Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s vision of Europol as ‘central to the development of the EU’s security policy’. In the UK, the focus of anxiety has been on keeping away from the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice and on the protection of the citizen against summary arrest and detention, an area where the country enjoys a tradition of civil liberty not universally reflected elsewhere (see more in this European encyclopedia). Against the background of these concerns, Europol’s development has so far been slow and tortuous. (See also Corpus Juris.)


Notas y References

  1. Based on the book “A Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union from Aachen to Zollverein”, by Rodney Leach (Profile Books; London)

See Also

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