German Criminal Code

German Criminal Code

The Criminal Code (StGB, with the necessary delimitation also dStGB) regulates in Germany the core matter of substantive criminal law. While this determines the conditions and legal consequences of criminal acts, the procedure for enforcing its norms, criminal proceedings, is governed by its own code of practice – the Code of Criminal Procedure. The Criminal Code was enacted on 15 May 1871 (RGBl 1871 pp. 128-203, Criminal Code for the German Reich) and has been in force since 1 January 1872 and has undergone many changes since then. Most of the changes concern the Special Part (§§ 80-358 StGB).

Structure

The German Criminal Code is, like the case of many penal codes, such as the Spanish code, divided into two main parts:

  • General Part (Allgemeiner Teil), see below
  • Special Part (Besonderer Teil): in which the different criminal offences and their definitions and punishments are listed, see below

History

Before 1945

Criminal Code of 1914

The penal code in force today for the Federal Republic of Germany was adopted in its original version in 1871 and entered into force on January 1, 1872 as the Criminal Code for the German Reich. The former version was in accordance with the provisions of the Penal Code for the North German Confederation of May 31, 1870, which in turn was based on the Prussian Penal Code of 1851, whose preliminary work began in 1826. Reform attempts during the Weimar Republic failed.

During the reign of National Socialism in the spirit of the “law of justice” (Carl Schmitt) nullum crimen sine poena the bond of the judge to the law was largely solved and introduced an analogy bid (ie even acts that had not been declared a criminal offense could be punished be). The obviously illegal state part of the changes of the criminal law by the national socialists was repealed with the control council law no. 1 from 20 September 1945. Effective but remained z. As the “perpetrators” aligned punitive threat of murder paragraphs.

After 1945

After 1945, the penal code was subject to many amendments, with which the legislator reacted to legal and criminal policy changes, to changed social values, to recognizable criminality loopholes, but also to scientific and technical innovations.

The Criminal Code was republished on the basis of Article 10 of the Third Criminal Law Amendment Act of 4 August 1953 (BGBl. I p. 735, 750) under the title Criminal Code.

Such examples of “novel” offenses include: membership in a terrorist group, computer fraud, money laundering, withholding of social security contributions. Following the abolition of the death penalty by Art. 102 GG (Basic Law), it was removed from the Murder Paragraph (§ 211) 1953. Likewise, § 13 was dropped, which determined that the death penalty is to be executed by behaving. In particular, in the history of the Criminal Code, among other things, the 1st Law on the Reform of Criminal Law (1st StrRG) of 25 June 1969 to call. In the General Section (AT) instead of prison, jail, confinement and imprisonment, a uniform prison sentence was introduced and penalties were abolished. Also to be mentioned is the 2nd Law on the Reform of Criminal Law (2nd StrRG) of 4 July 1969 with effect from 1 January 1975, which among other things created a new General Part which raised the minimum term of imprisonment to one month, the Warning with punishment reservation as well as the daily sentence system for the fine introduced and the Maßregelsystem redesigned. With the 6th Criminal Law Reform Act, which came into force on 1 April 1998, among other things, the penalty for property crime was reduced and increased in cases of personal injury.

GENERAL PART (Allgemeiner Teil)

CHAPTER ONE: THE CRIMINAL LAW
FIRST TITLE: APPLICATION, JURISDICTION RATIONE LOCI ET TEMPORIS
Section 1No punishment without law
Section 2Jurisdiction ratione temporis; lex mitior
Section 3Offences committed on the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany
Section 4Offences committed on German ships and aircraft
Section 5Offences committed abroad against domestic legal interests
Section 6Offences committed abroad against internationally protected legal interests
Section 7Offences committed abroad—other cases
Section 8Time of the offence
Section 9Place of the offence
Section 10Special provisions for juveniles and young adults
SECOND TITLE: TERMINOLOGY
Section 11Definitions
Section 12Felonies and misdemeanours
CHAPTER TWO: THE OFFENCE
FIRST TITLE: FOUNDATIONS OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY
Section 13Omissions
Section 14Acting for another
Section 15Intent and negligence
Section 16Mistake of fact
Section 17Mistake of law
Section 18Aggravated sentence based on special consequences of the offence
Section 19Lack of criminal capacity of children
Section 20Insanity
Section 21Diminished responsibility
SECOND TITLE: ATTEMPT
Section 22Definition
Section 23Liability for attempt
Section 24Withdrawal
THIRD TITLE: PRINCIPALS AND SECONDARY PARTICIPANTS
Section 25Principals
Section 26Abetting
Section 27Aiding
Section 28Special personal characteristics
Section 29Separate criminal liability of the accomplice
Section 30Conspiracy
Section 31Withdrawal from conspiracy
FOURTH TITLE
SELF-DEFENCE, NECESSITY AND DURESS
Section 32Self-defence
Section 33Excessive self-defence
Section 34Necessity
Section 35Duress
FIFTH TITLE: IMMUNITY FOR STATEMENTS AND REPORTS MADE IN PARLIAMENT
Section 36Parliamentary statements
Section 37Parliamentary reports
CHAPTER THREE: SANCTIONS
FIRST TITLE: PENALTIES
—Imprisonment—
Section 38Term of imprisonment
Section 39Determination of fixed-term imprisonment
—Fine—
Section 40Day fine units
Section 41Fines in addition to imprisonment
Section 42Allowing time for payment; instalments
Section 43Imprisonment for default of payment
—Confiscatory expropriation order—
Section 43aConfiscatory expropriation order
—Ancillary penalty—
Section 44Temporary driving ban
—Ancillary measures—
Section 45Loss of ability to hold public office, to vote and be elected in public elections
Section 45aEntry into effect and calculation of duration
Section 45bReinstatement
SECOND TITLE: SENTENCING
Section 46Principles of sentencing
Section 46aOffender-victim mediation; restitution
Section 46bContributing to the discovery or prevention of serious offences
Section 47Short terms of imprisonment as the exception
Section 49Special mitigating circumstances established by law
Section 50Multiple mitigating circumstances
Section 51Effect of time spent in custody
THIRD TITLE: SENTENCING FOR MULTIPLE OFFENCES
Section 52One act violating multiple laws or the same law more than once
Section 53Multiple offences committed by multiple acts
Section 54Fixing of aggregate sentence
Section 55Subsequent fixing of aggregate sentence
FOURTH TITLE: SUSPENDED SENTENCES OF IMPRISONMENT
Section 56Power of court to suspend sentence
Section 56aOperational period
Section 56bConditions
Section 56cDirections
Section 56dSupervision order
Section 56eSubsequent decisions
Section 56fOrder for suspended sentence to take effect
Section 56gRemission of sentence
Section 57Conditional early release—fixed-term imprisonment
Section 57aConditional early release—life imprisonment
Section 57bConditional early release—life imprisonment as aggregate sentence
Section 58Aggregate sentence and suspension of sentence
FIFTH TITLE: WARNING COMBINED WITH DEFERMENT OF SENTENCE; DISCHARGE
Section 59Conditions for warning and deferment
Section 59aOperational period, conditions and directions
Section 59bOrder for deferred sentence to take effect
Section 59cWarning and deferment in cases of aggregate sentences
Section 60Discharge
SIXTH TITLE: MEASURES OF REHABILITATION AND INCAPACITATION
Section 61Overview
Section 62Principle of proportionality
—Custodial measures—
Section 63Mental hospital order
Section 64Custodial addiction treatment order
Section 66Detention for the purpose of incapacitation
Section 66aDeferred incapacitation order
Section 66bSubsequent incapacitation order
Section 66cOrganisation of detention for the purposes of incapacitation and of antecedent imprisonment
Section 67Sequence of enforcement
Section 67aTransfer to another measure
Section 67bImmediate order for suspended measure
Section 67cDeferred start date of detention
Section 67dDuration of detention
Section 67eReview
Section 67fMultiple orders
Section 67gRevocation of suspended measure
Section 67hLimited order for measure taking effect; crisis intervention
—Supervision—
Section 68Conditions of supervision
Section 68aSupervising authority, probation support, forensic ambulance service
Section 68bDirections
Section 68cDuration
Section 68dSubsequent decisions; review period
Section 68eTermination or stay of supervision
Section 68fSupervision after serving full sentence
Section 68gSupervision coinciding with suspended sentence, conditional early release or suspended professional disqualification order
—Disqualification from driving—
Section 69Disqualification order
Section 69aOrder for period before new licence may be issued
Section 69bEffect of disqualification in case of foreign licence
—Disqualification from exercising a profession—
Section 70Order for professional disqualification
Section 70aOrder suspending professional disqualification
Section 70bRevocation of order
—Common provisions—
Section 71Independent orders
Section 72Orders for joint measures
SEVENTH TITLE: CONFISCATION AND DEPRIVATION ORDERS
Section 73Conditions of confiscation
Section 73aConfiscation of monetary value
Section 73bAssessment of value
Section 73cHardship
Section 73dExtended confiscation
Section 73eEffect of confiscation
Section 74Conditions of deprivation
Section 74aExtended conditions of deprivation
Section 74bPrinciple of proportionality
Section 74cDeprivation of monetary value
Section 74dDeprivation and destruction of publication media
Section 74eEffect of deprivation
Section 74fCompensation
Section 75Special provision for organs and representatives
—Common provisions—
Section 76Subsequent orders for confiscation or deprivation of monetary value
Section 76aIndependent orders
CHAPTER FOUR: REQUEST TO PROSECUTE; AUTHORISATION TO PROSECUTE; REQUEST TO PROSECUTE BY A FOREIGN STATE
Section 77Locus standi for request
Section 77aRequest by a superior
Section 77bTime limit
Section 77cOffences committed mutually
Section 77dWithdrawal of request
Section 77eAuthorisation; request by a foreign state
CHAPTER FIVE: LIMITATION PERIOD
FIRST TITLE: LIMITATION ON PROSECUTION
Section 78Limitation period
Section 78aCommencement
Section 78bStay of limitation
Section 78cInterruption
SECOND TITLE: LIMITATION ON ENFORCEMENT
Section 79Limitation period
Section 79aStay of limitation
Section 79bProlongation
SPECIAL PART: CHAPTER ONE
CRIMES AGAINST THE PEACE OF NATIONS; HIGH TREASON; ENDANGERING THE DEMOCRATIC STATE UNDER THE RULE OF LAW
FIRST TITLE: CRIMES AGAINST THE PEACE OF NATIONS
Section 80Preparation of a war of aggression
Section 80aIncitement to a war of aggression
SECOND TITLE: HIGH TREASON
Section 81High treason against the Federation
Section 82High treason against a member state
Section 83Preparation of an enterprise directed at high treason
Section 83aPreventing completion of offence
THIRD TITLE: ENDANGERING THE DEMOCRATIC STATE UNDER THE RULE OF LAW
Section 84Continuation of a political party declared unconstitutional
Section 85Violation of a ban on forming an association
Section 86Dissemination of propaganda material of unconstitutional organisations
Section 86aUsing symbols of unconstitutional organisations
Section 87Acting as a secret agent with the aim of sabotage
Section 88Sabotage against the constitution
Section 89Exerting anti-constitutional influence on the Armed Forces and public security forces
Section 89aPreparation of a serious violent offence endangering the state
Section 89bEstablishing contacts for the purpose of committing a serious violent offence endangering the state
Section 90Defamation of the President of the Federation
Section 90aDefamation of the state and its symbols
Section 90bAnti-constitutional defamation of constitutional organs
Section 91Encouraging the commission of a serious violent offence endangering the state
Section 91aJurisdiction ratione loci
FOURTH TITLE: COMMON PROVISIONS
Section 92Definition of terms
Section 92aAncillary measures
Section 92bDeprivation
CHAPTER TWO: TREASON AND ENDANGERING EXTERNAL NATIONAL SECURITY
Section 93Definition of state secret
Section 94Treason
Section 95Disclosure of state secrets with intent to cause damage
Section 96Treasonous espionage; spying on state secrets
Section 97Disclosure of state secrets and negligently causing danger
Section 97aDisclosure of illegal secrets
Section 97bDisclosure based on mistaken assumption that secret is illegal
Section 98Treasonous activity as an agent
Section 99Working as an agent for an intelligence service
Section 100Engaging in relations that endanger peace
Section 100aTreasonous forgery
Section 101Ancillary measures
Section 101aDeprivation
CHAPTER THREE: OFFENCES AGAINST FOREIGN STATES
Section 102Attacks against organs and representatives of foreign states
Section 103Defamation of organs and representatives of foreign states
Section 104Violation of flags and state symbols of foreign states
Section 104aConditions for prosecution
CHAPTER FOUR: OFFENCES AGAINST CONSTITUTIONAL ORGANS AND IN THE CONTEXT OF ELECTIONS AND BALLOTS
Section 105Blackmailing constitutional organs
Section 106Blackmailing the President of the Federation and members of constitutional organs
Section 106bDisrupting the work of a legislative body
Section 107Disruption of election process
Section 107aFalsification of election results
Section 107bFalsification of election documents
Section 107cViolation of secrecy of elections
Section 108Blackmailing voters
Section 108aDeceiving voters
Section 108bBribing voters
Section 108cAncillary measures
Section 108dJurisdiction
Section 108eBribing delegates
CHAPTER FIVE: OFFENCES AGAINST THE NATIONAL DEFENCE
Section 109Avoiding draft by mutilation
Section 109aAvoiding draft by deception
Section 109b and section 109c(repealed)
Section 109dDisruptive propaganda against the Armed Forces
Section 109eSabotage against means of defence
Section 109fIntelligence activity endangering national security
Section 109gTaking or drawing pictures etc endangering national security
Section 109hRecruiting for foreign armed forces
Section 109iAncillary measures
Section 109kDeprivation
CHAPTER SIX: RESISTANCE AGAINST STATE AUTHORITY

Section 111Public incitement to crime
Section 113Resisting enforcement officers
Section 114Resisting persons equal to enforcement officers
Section 120Facilitating escape of prisoners
Section 121Mutiny by prisoners

CHAPTER SEVEN: OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER
Section 123Burglary
Section 124Aggravated burglary
Section 125Rioting
Section 125aAggravated cases of rioting
Section 126Breach of the public peace by threatening to commit offences
Section 127Forming armed groups
Section 129Forming criminal organisations
Section 129aForming terrorist organisations
Section 129bCriminal and terrorist organisations abroad; extended confiscation and deprivation
Section 130Incitement to hatred
Section 130aAttempting to cause the commission of offences by means of publication
Section 131Dissemination of depictions of violence
Section 132Arrogation of public office
Section 132aAbuse of titles, professional classifications and symbols
Section 133Destruction of materials under official safekeeping
Section 134Defacing official notices
Section 136Destruction of objects under seizure or seal
Section 138Omission to bring planned offences to the attention of the authorities
Section 139Exceptions to liability
Section 140Rewarding and approving of offences
Section 142Leaving the scene of an accident without cause
Section 145Abuse of emergency phones; tampering with means of accident prevention and first aid
Section 145aViolating the directions of a supervision order
Section 145cViolation of a professional disqualification
Section 145dMisleading the authorities about the commission of an offence
CHAPTER EIGHT: COUNTERFEITING OF MONEY AND OFFICIAL STAMPS
Section 146Counterfeiting money
Section 147Circulation of counterfeit money
Section 148Counterfeiting official stamps
Section 149Preparatory acts
Section 150Extended confiscation and deprivation
Section 151Securities
Section 152Foreign money, stamps and securities
Section 152aCounterfeiting of debit cards, etc, cheques, and promissory notes
Section 152bCounterfeiting of credit cards, etc, and blank eurocheque forms
CHAPTER NINE: FALSE TESTIMONY AND PERJURY
Section 153False testimony
Section 154Perjury
Section 155Affirmations equivalent to oath
Section 156False sworn affidavits
Section 157Duress
Section 158Correction of false testimony
Section 159Attempt to abet false testimony
Section 160Procuring false testimony
Section 161 Negligent offences
Section 162International Courts; national commissions of inquiry
CHAPTER TEN: FALSE ACCUSATION
Section 164False accusation
Section 165Publication of conviction
CHAPTER ELEVEN: OFFENCES RELATED TO RELIGION AND IDEOLOGY
Section 166Defamation of religions, religious and ideological associations
Section 167Disturbing the exercise of religion
Section 167aDisturbing a funeral
Section 168Desecration of graves etc
CHAPTER TWELVE: OFFENCES RELATED TO THE PERSONAL STATUS REGISTRY, MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY
Section 169Falsification of personal status
Section 170Non-payment of child support etc
Section 171Violation of duties of care or education
Section 172Bigamy
Section 173Incest
CHAPTER THIRTEEN: OFFENCES AGAINST SEXUAL SELF-DETERMINATION
Section 174Abuse of position of trust
Section 174aSexual abuse of prisoners, patients and institutionalised persons
Section 174bAbuse of official position
Section 174cAbuse of a relationship of counselling, treatment or care
Section 176Child abuse
Section 176aAggravated child abuse
Section 176bChild abuse causing death
Section 177Sexual assault by use of force or threats; rape
Section 178Sexual assault by use of force or threat of force and rape causing death
Section 179Abuse of persons who are incapable of resistance
Section 180Causing minors to engage in sexual activity
Section 180aExploitation of prostitutes
Section 181aControlling prostitution
Section 181bSupervision order
Section 181cConfiscatory expropriation and extended confiscation
Section 182Abuse of juveniles
Section 183Exhibitionism
Section 183aCausing a public disturbance
Section 184Distribution of pornography
Section 184aDistribution of pornography depicting violence or sodomy
Section 184bDistribution, acquisition and possession of child pornography
Section 184cDistribution, acquisition and possession of juvenile pornography
Section 184dDistribution of pornographic performances by broadcasting, media services or telecommunications services
Section 184eUnlawful prostitution
Section 184fProstitution likely to corrupt juveniles
Section 184gDefinitions
CHAPTER FOURTEEN: LIBEL AND SLANDER
Section 185Insult
Section 186Defamation
Section 187Intentional defamation
Section 188Defamation of persons in the political arena
Section 189Violating the memory of the dead
Section 190Proof of truth by criminal judgment
Section 192Insult despite proof of truth
Section 193Fair comment; defence
Section 194Request to prosecute
Section 199Mutual insults
Section 200Publication of the conviction
CHAPTER FIFTEEN: VIOLATION OF PRIVACY
Section 201Violation of the privacy of the spoken word
Section 201aViolation of intimate privacy by taking photographs
Section 202Violation of the privacy of the written word
Section 202aData espionage
Section 202bPhishing
Section 202cActs preparatory to data espionage and phishing
Section 203Violation of private secrets
Section 204Exploitation of the secrets of another
Section 205Request to prosecute
Section 206Violation of the postal and telecommunications secret
CHAPTER SIXTEEN: OFFENCES AGAINST LIFE
Section 211Murder under specific aggravating circumstances
Section 212Murder
Section 213Murder under mitigating circumstances
Section 216Killing at the request of the victim; mercy killing
Section 218Abortion
Section 218aException to liability for abortion
Section 218bAbortion without or under incorrect medical certification
Section 218cViolation of medical duties in connection with an abortion
Section 219Counselling of the pregnant woman in a situation of emergency or conflict
Section 219aAdvertising services for abortion
Section 219bDistribution of substances for the purpose of abortion
Section 221Abandonment
Section 222Negligent manslaughter
CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON
Section 223Causing bodily harm
Section 224Causing bodily harm by dangerous means
Section 225Abuse of position of trust
Section 226Causing grievous bodily harm
Section 226aFemale genital mutilation
Section 227Infliction of bodily harm causing death
Section 228Consent
Section 229Causing bodily harm by negligence
Section 230Request to prosecute
Section 231Taking part in a brawl
CHAPTER EIGHTEEN: OFFENCES AGAINST PERSONAL FREEDOM
Section 232Human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation
Section 233Human trafficking for the purpose of work exploitation
Section 233aAssisting in human trafficking
Section 233bSupervision order, extended confiscation
Section 234Abduction for the purpose of abandonment or facilitating service in foreign military or para-military forces
Section 234aCausing a danger of political persecution through use of force, threats or deception
Section 235Abduction of minors from the care of their parents etc
Section 236Child trafficking
Section 237Forced marriage
Section 238Stalking
Section 239Unlawful imprisonment
Section 239aAbduction for the purpose of blackmail
Section 239bTaking hostages
Section 239cSupervision order
Section 240Using threats or force to cause a person to do, suffer or omit an act
Section 241Threatening the commission of a felony
Section 241aCausing the danger of political persecution by informing on a person
CHAPTER NINETEEN: THEFT AND UNLAWFUL APPROPRIATION
Section 242Theft
Section 243Aggravated theft
Section 244Carrying weapons; acting as a member of a gang; burglary of private homes
Section 244aAggravated gang theft
Section 245Supervision order
Section 246Unlawful appropriation
Section 247Theft from relatives or persons living in the same home
Section 248aTheft and unlawful appropriation of objects of minor value
Section 248bUnlawful taking of a motor-vehicle or bicycle
Section 248cTheft of electrical energy
CHAPTER TWENTY: ROBBERY AND BLACKMAIL
Section 249Robbery
Section 250Aggravated robbery
Section 251Robbery causing death
Section 252Theft and use of force to retain stolen goods
Section 253Blackmail
Section 255Blackmail and use of force or threats against life or limb
Section 256Supervision order, confiscatory expropriation order and extended confiscation
CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE: ASSISTANCE AFTER THE FACT AND HANDLING STOLEN GOODS
Section 257Assistance after the fact
Section 258Assistance in avoiding prosecution or punishment
Section 258aAssistance given in official capacity
Section 259Handling stolen goods
Section 260Handling on a commercial basis or as a member of a gang
Section 260aCommercial handling as a member of a gang
Section 261Money laundering; hiding unlawfully obtained financial benefits
Section 262Supervision order
CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO: FRAUD AND EMBEZZLEMENT
Section 263Fraud
Section 263aComputer fraud
Section 264Subsidy fraud
Section 264aCapital investment fraud
Section 265Insurance fraud
Section 265aObtaining services by deception
Section 265bObtaining credit by deception
Section 266Embezzlement and abuse of trust
Section 266aNon-payment and misuse of wages and salaries
Section 266bMisuse of cheque and credit cards
CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE: FORGERY
Section 267Forgery
Section 268Forgery of technical records
Section 269Forgery of data intended to provide proof
Section 270Meaning of deception in the context of data processing
Section 271Causing wrong entries to be made in public records
Section 273Tampering with official identity documents
Section 274Suppression of documents; changing a border mark
Section 275Preparatory acts to tampering with official identity documents
Section 276Acquisition of false official identity documents
Section 276aPapers relating to rights of residence; vehicle papers
Section 277Forgery of health certificates
Section 278Issuing incorrect health certificates
Section 279Using incorrect health certificates
Section 281Misuse of identity documents
Section 282Confiscatory expropriation order, extended confiscation and deprivation orders
CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR: OFFENCES IN THE STATE OF INSOLVENCY
Section 283Bankruptcy
Section 283aAggravated bankruptcy
Section 283bViolation of book-keeping duties
Section 283cExtending unlawful benefits to creditors
Section 283dExtending unlawful benefits to debtors
CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE: CRIMINAL SELF-SEEKING
Section 284Organising unlawful gaming
Section 285Participation in unlawful gaming
Section 286Confiscatory expropriation order, extended confiscation and deprivation orders
Section 287Organising an unlawful lottery etc
Section 288Avoiding enforcement of judgments
Section 289Taking of pawns
Section 290Unlawful use of pawns
Section 291Usury
Section 292Poaching
Section 293Taking or destroying fish
Section 294Request to prosecute
Section 295Deprivation order
Section 297Causing a danger of being impounded to ships, motor-vehicles and aircraft by taking prohibited goods on board etc
CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX: RESTRICTIVE PRACTICES OFFENCES
Section 298Restricting competition through agreements in the context of public bids
Section 299Taking and giving bribes in commercial practice
Section 300Aggravated cases of taking and giving bribes in commercial practice
Section 301Request to prosecute
Section 302Confiscatory expropriation order and extended confiscation
CHAPTER TWENTY-SEVEN: CRIMINAL DAMAGE
Section 303Criminal damage
Section 303aData tampering
Section 303bComputer sabotage
Section 303cRequest to prosecute
Section 304Damage to objects of public interest
Section 305Destruction of buildings etc
Section 305aDestruction of important equipment etc
CHAPTER TWENTY-EIGHT: OFFENCES CAUSING A COMMON DANGER
Section 306Arson
Section 306aAggravated arson
Section 306bAdditionally aggravated arson
Section 306cArson causing death
Section 306dArson by negligence
Section 306ePreventing completion of the offence
Section 306fCausing the danger of fire
Section 307Causing a nuclear explosion
Section 308Causing an explosion
Section 309Misuse of ionising radiation
Section 310Acts preparatory to causing an explosion or radiation offence
Section 311Releasing ionising radiation
Section 312Construction of a defective nuclear facility
Section 313Causing flooding
Section 314Causing a common danger by poisoning
Section 314aPreventing completion of the offence
Section 315Dangerous disruption of rail, ship and air traffic
Section 315aEndangering rail, ship and air traffic
Section 315bDangerous disruption of road traffic
Section 315cEndangering road traffic
Section 315dRail traffic on roads
Section 316Driving while under the influence of drink or drugs
Section 316aAttacking a driver for the purpose of committing a robbery
Section 316bDisruption of public services
Section 316cAttacks on air and maritime traffic
Section 317Disruption of telecommunications facilities
Section 318Causing damage to important facilities
Section 319Causing danger during construction works
Section 320Preventing completion of the offence
Section 321Supervision order
Section 322Deprivation order
Section 323aCommitting offences in a senselessly drunken state
Section 323bEndangering the treatment of addicts
Section 323cOmission to effect an easy rescue
CHAPTER TWENTY-NINE
OFFENCES AGAINST THE ENVIRONMENT
Section 324Water pollution
Section 324aSoil pollution
Section 325Air pollution
Section 325aCausing noise, vibrations and non-ionising radiation
Section 326Unlawful disposal of waste
Section 327Unlawful operation of facilities
Section 328Unlawful handling of radioactive substances, dangerous substances and goods
Section 329Endangering protected areas
Section 330Aggravated cases of environmental offences
Section 330aCausing a severe danger by releasing poison
Section 330bPreventing completion of the offence
Section 330cDeprivation order
Section 330dDefinitions
CHAPTER THIRTY: OFFENCES COMMITTED IN PUBLIC OFFICE
Section 331Taking bribes
Section 332Taking bribes meant as an incentive to violating one’s official duties
Section 333Giving bribes
Section 334Giving bribes as an incentive to the recipient’s violating his official duties
Section 335Aggravated cases
Section 336Omission of an official act
Section 337Arbitration fees
Section 338Confiscatory expropriation order and extended confiscation
Section 339Perverting the course of justice
Section 340Causing bodily harm while exercising a public office

Section 343Forcing someone to make a statement
Section 344Intentionally or knowingly prosecuting innocent persons
Section 345Enforcing penal sanctions against innocent persons
Section 348Making false entries in public records
Section 352Demanding excessive fees
Section 353Levying excessive taxes; granting reduced benefits
Section 353aAbuse of trust in the Foreign Service
Section 353bBreach of official secrets and special duties of confidentiality
Section 353dUnlawful disclosure of facts subjudice
Section 355Violation of the tax secret
Section 356Violating the attorney-client relationship
Section 357Incitement of a subordinate to the commission of offences
Section 358Ancillary measures