Heads of State

Heads of State in Europe

Heads of State in Sweden

Under Chapter 1, with the heading “Basic principles of the form of government,” of the Instrument of Government (part of the Swedish Constitution), Article 5 provides the following: The King or Queen who occupies the throne of Sweden in accordance with the Act of Succession shall be the Head of State. The provisions of this Instrument of Government which relate to the King shall apply to the Queen if the Queen is Head of State. The Instrument of Government (SFS nr: 1974:152) contains the basic principles of Swedens form of government: how the Government in Sweden has to work, the fundamental freedoms and rights of the Swedish people and how elections to the Riksdag (Swedish parliament) are to be implemented. The adoption in 1974 of the Instrument of Government currently in force, including the provisions related to heads of state, meant a considerable reduction in the powers of the monarchy.

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