Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Justice in Europe

Juvenile Justice in Europe: Resisting the Punitive Turn ?

Yves Cartuyvels, from the Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category “Crime and Society,” under the title “Juvenile Justice in Europe: Resisting the Punitive Turn ?”. Here is the abstract: Penal justice is often described as characterised by a « punitive turn » in the Western world since the years 2000 but it is also presented as crossed by a « volative and contradictory » set of penal inflexions (O'Malley). Juvenile Justice systems have also been grabbling far-reaching transformations during the last decade in Europe, at the level of primary as wel as secundary criminalisation. But, if a punitive temptation is to be seen in different countries, it would be oversimplistic to speak of a unilateral « punitive turn ». In many coutries, hybridisation of different contradictory influences seems to be the rule: neoliberal influences (management and risk), neoconservatives ones (growing incarceration's rates), welfare resistance (educational perspectives) and restorative orientations are at stake, competing with each other. Based on a European research program of the GERN (European Research group on Normativity) (2002-2009), this contribution is aimed at presenting a few key issues of the ambivalent evolutions of Juvenile Justice in Europe. Accent will be set upon the influence of human rights, the media and the victim in the explanation of the hybridisation process that is at the core of the Juvenile jsutice evolutions in Europe.

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Further Reading

  • “Juvenile Justice in Europe: Resisting the Punitive Turn ?”, by Yves Cartuyvels (Proceedings)

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