Lying in Europe
Atramic: When Owning up Exposes us to Others
Enrique Armas Vargas, from the Institute of Legal Medicine of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category “Victims and Victimization,” under the title “Atramic: When Owning up Exposes us to Others”. Here is the abstract: We propose that the ability to lie, conceal, avoid the admission of a lie, or face up to it (own up), involves the use of certain skills and personal and interpersonal qualities that identify and give us away. Armas-Vargas argues that the ability and willingness to lie (and to own up) can be captured and measured by means of attitudinal variables and personality characteristics. In his model on “personality and lying” the author developed the ATRAMIC questionnaire (Armas-Vargas, 2009). The sample of this research comprises 75 forensic population males collected in the Institute of Legal Medicine of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. The average age is 38 years (SD = 9.8). ATRAMIC evaluates 26 factors: 4 factors of Predisposition to lie; 15 Orectic Personality Variables; 4 Scales of Bias Control to responses to the test; 3 Attitudinal Scales to the use of Deception and Lying. The idea is to get closer to a possible behavioural pattern of lying. We captured the content of the ATRAMIC “Sincerity” construct (25 items), by studying reliability and validity analysis of the measurements to give them content and discriminant validity. We have studied the convergent validity of the “Sincerity” factor with the other ATRAMIC test factors, the CAE selfesteem questionnaire (Armas-Vargas, 2008) and the Lie Scale (L) of the MMPI-2. We have tested the predictive validity of the “Sincerity” construct.
- “Atramic: When Owning up Exposes us to Others”, by Enrique Armas Vargas (Proceedings)