Sexual Abuse in Europe
Attitudes of Icelanders Towards Economic Crimes and Sexual Abuse of a Child
Helgi Gunnlaugsson, from the University of Iceland, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category “Punishment and its alternatives,” under the title “Attitudes of Icelanders Towards Economic Crimes and Sexual Abuse of a Child”. Here is the abstract: Telephone surveys have generally shown that a majority of citizens think that punishment is too lenient, especially for violence, and suggest more use of imprisonment. In a previous study sponsored by the Scandinavian Research Council in Criminology it was however shown that citizens have a tendency to underestimate the the actual level of punishment. Moreover, when participants were asked to suggest a punishment for six relatively serious cases, a majority suggested a punishment that was more lenient than the punishment meted out by a judge panel on the same cases. In this paper results from focus groups used in Iceland in May of 2011 addressing two additional types of crimes. These crime types included economic crime and sexual violence against a young girl. Participants in the focus groups were randomly selected from the Reykjavik area and also reflected different views toward punishment based on a genereal telephone survey. In the beginning of the meetings participants filled out a comprehensive questionnaire including the six cases previously used in the SRCC project in addition to the sexual abuse case. What punishment do they believe a judge would decide and what punishment do they themselves choose? Followed by a group discussion about either the economic crime case or the sexual violence case against a child. What punishment do they think judges would decide and what punishment would they themselves decide? Does discussion in the groups change the position of participants? Are the results different from the previous SRCC project? If so how can it be explained?
Sexual Abuse of Prisoners, Patients and Institutionalised Persons in Germany
Provisions relating to sexual abuse of prisoners, patients and institutionalised persons in the German Criminal Code : This criminal issue is covered by Chapter Thirteen, under the heading “Offences Against Sexual Self-determination,” located in Section 174a Sexual abuse of prisoners, patients and institutionalised persons, which reads: (1) Whosoever engages in sexual activity with a prisoner or a person detained by order of a public authority, who is entrusted to him for upbringing, education, supervision or care, by abusing his position, or allows them to engage in sexual activity with himself shall be liable to imprisonment from three months to five years. (2) Whosoever abuses a person who has been admitted to an institution for persons who are ill or in need of assistance and are entrusted to him for supervision or care, by engaging in sexual activity with the person by exploiting the persons illness or need of assistance, or allows them to engage in sexual activity with himself shall incur the same penalty. (3) The attempt shall be punishable.
- The content of the translated German penal code in relation to sexual abuse of prisoners, patients and institutionalised persons is current as of 2010
- “Attitudes of Icelanders Towards Economic Crimes and Sexual Abuse of a Child”, by Helgi Gunnlaugsson (Proceedings)