Elections in Europe Elections in the German Constitution See more at the main entry: German Constitution. The Article 38 of the Basic Law of Germany, in relation to Elections, states the following: (1) The deputies to the German House of Representatives [Bundestag] are elected in general, […]


VAT in Europe Description of VAT (Value added tax) The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes vat (value added tax) in the following terms: [1] VAT has been mandatory in the Community since 1967. The Cockfield Report of 1985, which preceded the introduction of the Single […]

Electronic Procedures

Electronic Procedures in Europe Electronic procedures in relation to the E.U. Services Directive The following is an examination of electronic procedures regarding the European Union Servicies Directive [1]: Electronic procedures: Administrative Simplification The setting-up of fully […]

Concentric Circles

Concentric Circles in Europe Description of Concentric circles The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes concentric circles in the following terms: [1] The metaphor of concentric circles is designed both to explain and to persuade (see more in this European encyclopedia). […]


Electronic in Europe Electronic (in European Private Law) In this context, this may be a concept of the term: "Electronic" means relating to technology with electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. Resources See Also Private Law


Karlsruhe in Europe Description of Karlsruhe (German Constitutional Court) The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes karlsruhe (german constitutional court) in the following terms: [1] Karlsruhe is the home of the German Federal Constitutional Court. In 1993 anti-Maastricht […]


Elysee in Europe Elysee in relation with International Trade In the context of trade organizations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following definition of Elysee: The office of the French Presidency.

Electronic Signature

Electronic Signature in Europe Electronic Signature (in European Private Law) In this context, this may be a concept of the term: An "electronic signature" means data in electronic form which are attached to, or logically associated with, other data and which serve as a method of […]


Definition of Election Choice. The equitable doctrine of election is to the effect that he who takes a benefit under an instrument, must accept or reject the instrument as a whole ; he cannot approbate and reprobate. If there is in the will of X, a gift of A’s property to B, and a gift to A, A […]

Election Petitions

Definition of Election Petitions Petitions for inquiry into the validity of elections of members of Parliament, when it is alleged that the return of a member is invalid for bribery or any other reason. These petitions are heard by a Division Court of the King’s Bench Division. (Order LIX, r. […]


Definition of Elegit A writ of execution by which a judgment creditor may obtain possession of the debtor’s land, and hold it until the debt is satisfied, either out of the rents and profits, or otherwise Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Elegit in […]

Elibank V. Men To Lieu

Definition of Elibank V. Men To Lieu ((1801), 5 Ves. 737). Held, that a married woman may, by her next friend, maintain a suit in the Court of Chancery to assert her equity to a settlement on herself and children out of property to which she is entitled ; and here the settlement on marriage […]


Definition of Elisors Persons appointed to return a jury for the trial of an action when the jury returned by the sheriff and that returned by the coroner have been successively challenged to the array for partiality or default. See Challenge of Jurors Browse You might be interested in these […]

Ellis V. Loftus Iron Co.

Definition of Ellis V. Loftus Iron Co. ((1874), L. R. 10 C. P. 10). The owner of animals is liable if they trespass on the land of another, and do damage which might naturally be expected to resultThe defendant’s stallion bit the plaintiff’s mare through a wire fence, and trespassed on the […]

Ellison V. Ellison

Definition of Ellison V. Ellison ((1802), 6 Ves. 656). Held, that there is this distinction as to volunteers, viz., the assistance of the Court cannot be had, without consideration, to constitute a party cestui que trust, as upon a voluntary covenant to transfer stock, etc. ; but if the legal […]

Elmore V. Stone,

Definition of Elmore V. Stone, ((1809), 1 Taunt. 458). For the purpose of section 17 of the Statute of Frauds, now section 4 of the Sale of Goods Act, 1893, a constructive delivery to the purchaser is sufficient.The plaintiff, a livery stable keeper, sold two horses, then in his stables, to […]

Elder Brethren

Definition of Elder Brethren The Masters of the Trinity House (q.v.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Elder Brethren in the Dictionaries, Elder Brethren in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of […]