Western European Union

Introduction to Western European Union Western European Union (WEU), association of European countries focused on defense and security issues. The WEU grew out of the Brussels Treaty, a cooperative agreement made in 1948 between the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, The Netherlands, and […]

Ireland

Ireland in Europe Outline of the Country´s Legal System According to the work "Guide to Foreign and International Citations", by the Journal of International Law and Politics (New York University School of Law): "The Irish legal system is based on the common law tradition. […]

Western Europe Legal Systems

Western Legal Systems in Europe Western Europe Legal Systems Andorra Legal System Austria Legal System Belgium Legal System Denmark Legal System England and Wales Legal System Finland Legal System French Legal System German Legal System Greece Legal System Holy See Legal System Iceland Legal System Ireland Legal System Isle of Man Legal System Italian Legal … Read more

Irish Judicial System

Irish Judicial System Note: for information on the Irish Criminal Justice System, please see here. 1. Administration. The Highest court is the Supreme Court, which has the power to decide whether a Bill passed by the Oireachtas is constitutional. It has appellate jurisdiction for all decisions of the High Court, and the Court of Criminal … Read more

Prescription Charges in Ireland

Prescription Charges in Ireland Background The national heath care system in Ireland combines a public health care system for eligible groups (mostly those on low incomes and those aged over 70) with fee-based services for those who are not [2]. Eligible patients, around 29% of the population [1], receive a medical card and are entitled … Read more

Irish Criminal Justice System

Irish Criminal Justice System This entry gives a general account of the overall criminal system and outline the political and legal structure and the history of the Irish criminal justice system to help account for the unique aspects that may help to bind the many parts of this criminal justice system together, and to show … Read more

Lawyers in Ireland

Lawyers in Ireland Legal Professionals Types of Lawyer As in other common law jurisdictions the legal profession is divided into two branches, solicitors and barristers, with the judiciary being appointed from practising members of the profession. Solicitors Solicitors are normally the first point of contact for individuals or organisations seeking legal advice. The solicitors’ profession … Read more

Notaries in Ireland

Notaries in Ireland In Ireland, they authenticate important documents especially for use abroad. Applicants must be qualified solicitors and are appointed by the Chief Justice. Professional activities Reserved activities Professional titles Advertising/Publicity Client confidentiality/Professional privileges Clients’ money Fees Accounting Professional insurance Specialist practitioners Other Issues Mobility Legal Education Legal Training Governing Bodies Relevant Legislation Other … Read more

Western Europe

Western Europe Western Europe Legal Systems Andorra Legal System Austria Legal System Belgium Legal System Denmark Legal System England and Wales Legal System Finland Legal System French Legal System German Legal System Greece Legal System Holy See Legal System Iceland Legal System Ireland Legal System Isle of Man Legal System Italian Legal System Liechtenstein Legal … Read more

Gerald Fitzgeald Desmond

Gerald Fitzgeald Desmond in Europe Life and Work Gerald Fitzgeald Desmond, 15th Earl of Desmond(d. 1583), Irish leader, was son of James, 14th earl, by his second wife More O’Carroll. His father had agreed in January 1541, as one of the terms of his submission to Henry VIII., to send young […]

John Ball

John Ball in Europe John Ball(1818-1889), Irish politician, naturalist and Alpine traveller, eldest son of an Irish judge, Nicholas Ball, was born at Dublin on the 20th of August 1818. He was educated at the Roman Catholic College at Oscott near Birmingham, and at Christ’s College, […]

Criminal Procedure

Criminal Procedure in Europe History The French penal code and code of criminal procedure are substantially the model of all systems of continental criminal law. They were promulgated in 1811 by Napoleon I., and although he called in the aid of the greatest French jurists, he guided, and […]

Irish Legal Research

Irish Legal Research in Europe Online Guides to Irish Legal Research Ireland at Washlaw (http://www.washlaw.edu/forint/europe/ireland.html). This site provides Internet links to all official Irish government sites, law schools, and study abroad programs. Guide to Irish Law at […]

Bank

Banks in Europe Ireland Historia The early history of banking in Ireland was marked by Irish banks. legislation even less favourable to the formation of a steady and dependable system than in England, and in 1695 several of the principal merchants in Dublin met together for the purpose of […]

Consular Legislation

Consular Legislation in Europe European Union Materials For information about European Union consular legislation, click here. In Austria Read in this legal Encyclopedia for information about consular law in Austria. In Germany Read in this legal Encyclopedia for information about […]

European Convention On State Immunity

Definition of European Convention On State Immunity In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of European Convention On State Immunity : An international convention of 1972 setting out when and how member states of the European Community (now the European Union) […]

European Commission of Human Rights

European Convention on Human Rights: the European Commission of Human Rights Introduction to European Commission of Human Rights The commission can only deal with a claim if all domestic remedies have been exhausted, unless a state waives the benefit of this rule. Local remedies do not have to […]

Williams Betty Smyth

Williams Betty Smyth in Europe Introduction to Williams Betty Smyth Betty Smyth Williams, born in 1943, Northern Ireland peace activist, recipient of the 1976 Nobel Prize for Peace. Williams shared the prize with fellow Northern Ireland activist Mairead Corrigan for organizing demonstrations […]

Sean MacBride

Sean MacBride in Europe Introduction to Sean MacBride Seán MacBride (1904-1988), Irish politician, lawyer, and human rights advocate, who believed all individuals should have the right to express their political beliefs without fear. MacBride shared the 1974 Nobel Prize for peace with Sato […]

European Diplomats

Introduction to European Diplomats European Diplomats, ambassadors, ministers, and bureaucrats who conduct the foreign policy of European nations. (1) Resources Notes and References Information about European Diplomats in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia Guide to European Diplomats More Topics […]

Communist Influence In Western European Parties

Communism: Communist Influence in Noncommunist Countries Western Europe Other Western European Parties The strongest Western European parties, other than the Italian and French, have been those of Greece, Finland, Portugal, and Spain. The Greek and Portuguese parties mirrored the intransigence […]

Communist Influence In Western Europe

Communism: Communist Influence in Noncommunist Countries Western Europe The communist parties of Western Europe were all established between 1918 and 1923, following the Russian Revolutions. They were responsive to Soviet directives, yet at the same time drew on European socialist roots going […]

List of European Courts

Benelux Court of Justice Court of First Instance of the European Communities Court of Justice of the European Communities European Court of Human Rights European Free Trade Agreement Court Benelux Court of Justice Court Of Justice of the Benelux Economic Union The […]

Western European Tribunals

History of Western European Tribunals Medieval courts were an outgrowth of the tribal courts of the Germanic peoples, among whom the highest judicial authority was that of the popular assemblies that met regularly throughout the year. The tribal judges supervised the proceedings and […]

Principles of European Contract Law

Principles of European Contract Law (Commision on European Contract Law) 2 25 May 2002 PRINCIPLES OF EUROPEAN CONTRACT LAW TEXT OF ARTICLES IN PART 3, IN ENGLISH CHAPTER 10 Plurality of parties Section 1: Plurality of debtors ARTICLE 10:101: SOLIDARY, SEPARATE AND […]

European Caselaw Databases

JURE, a database created by the European Commission, contains case law on jurisdiction in civil and commercial matters and on the recognition and enforcement of judgments in a State other than the one where the judgment was passed. This includes case law on relevant international […]

List of North Ireland Reports

List of North Ireland Reports in Europe Ir Jur— Irish Jurist Reports Ir LTR — Irish Law Times Reports Ir R — Irish Reports Ir RCL — Irish Reports, Common Law Series LR Ir — Law Reports, Ireland N Ir — Northern Ireland Law Reports N Ir Pub Gen Acts — Northern Ireland […]