Poland

Poland in Europe Outline of the Country´s Legal System According to the work "Guide to Foreign and International Citations", by the Journal of International Law and Politics (New York University School of Law): "The Polish Constitution, which became effective on October […]

Eastern Europe Legal Systems

Eastern Legal Systems in Europe They are: Albanian Legal System Belarus Legal System Bosnia & Herzegovina Legal System Bulgarian Legal System Croatian Legal System Cyprus Legal System Czech Republic Legal System Estonian Legal System Greece Legal System Hungarian Legal System Latvian Legal System Lithuanian Legal System Macedonian Legal System Moldova Legal System Polish Legal System … Read more

European Court of Human Rights

European Convention on Human Rights: European Court of Human Rights Introduction to European Court of Human Rights The European Court of Human Rights is composed of a number of judges equal to the number of members of the Council of Europe. The majority of cases referred to the court come from […]

Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe Eastern Europe Legal Systems Albanian Legal System Belarus Legal System Bosnia & Herzegovina Legal System Bulgarian Legal System Croatian Legal System Cyprus Legal System Czech Republic Legal System Estonian Legal System Greece Legal System Hungarian Legal System Latvian Legal System Lithuanian Legal System Macedonian Legal System Moldova Legal System Polish Legal System Romanian … Read more

Joachim Lelewel

Joachim Lelewel in Europe Joachim Lelewel (1786-1861), Polish historian, geographer and numismatist, was born at Warsaw on the 22nd of March 1786. His family came from Prussia in the early part of the 18th century; his grandfather was appointed physician to the reigning king of Poland, and […]

Consular Legislation

Consular Legislation in Europe European Union Materials For information about European Union consular legislation, click here. In Austria Read in this legal Encyclopedia for information about consular law in Austria. In Germany Read in this legal Encyclopedia for information about […]

Notaries in Poland

Notaries in Poland Professional activities Reserved activities Professional titles Advertising/Publicity Client confidentiality/Professional privileges Clients’ money Fees Accounting Professional insurance Specialist practitioners Other Issues Mobility Legal Education Legal Training Governing Bodies Relevant Legislation Other Legal Professionals Lawyers Information about lawyers in the European countries is provided here. Bailiffs Information about bailiffs in the European countries is … Read more

Working Party on Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Working Party on Eastern Europe and Central Asia (COEST) The Working Party on Eastern Europe and Central Asia deals with all aspects of EU relations and cooperation with countries in Eastern Europe (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia, Russia and Ukraine) and Central Asia […]

European Integration

Published in: Encyclopedia of Law and Society: American and Global Perspectives. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi, 2004. Author: Francis G. Snyder See more here: http://www.estig.ipbeja.pt/~ac_direito/dreaisrevistasest.html and here (in general): […]

European Commission of Human Rights

European Convention on Human Rights: the European Commission of Human Rights Introduction to European Commission of Human Rights The commission can only deal with a claim if all domestic remedies have been exhausted, unless a state waives the benefit of this rule. Local remedies do not have to […]

Enlargement of the European Union

In the 1950s, the EU began with just six member states. It now has 27. Growth in EU membership is known as ‘enlargement’, and it has happened several times. Date and New Members: 1950           Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands 1973           Denmark, […]

European Diplomats

Introduction to European Diplomats European Diplomats, ambassadors, ministers, and bureaucrats who conduct the foreign policy of European nations. (1) Resources Notes and References Information about European Diplomats in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia Guide to European Diplomats More Topics […]

Communist Influence In Former Soviet Union And Eastern Europe

Communism: Communist Influence in Noncommunist Countries Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe The mighty Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) died with its brainchild, the Soviet Union, in 1991. The CPSU's central headquarters was disbanded in August 1991, and many of the 15 Soviet […]

Communism In Eastern Europe Origins

Apart from China, the main world region in which communist movements made huge inroads after World War II was Eastern Europe. The states of the area were relatively young; all had been carved out of the former Austro-Hungarian, German, Russian, and Ottoman empires by post-World War I treaties. […]

University of Leipzig

University of Leipzig in Europe History The university of Leipzig, founded in 1409 by a secession of four hundred German students from Prague, is one of the most influential universities in the world. It was a few years since the most numerously attended of any university in Germany, but it […]

List of European Courts

Benelux Court of Justice Court of First Instance of the European Communities Court of Justice of the European Communities European Court of Human Rights European Free Trade Agreement Court Benelux Court of Justice Court Of Justice of the Benelux Economic Union The […]

Principles of European Contract Law

Principles of European Contract Law (Commision on European Contract Law) 2 25 May 2002 PRINCIPLES OF EUROPEAN CONTRACT LAW TEXT OF ARTICLES IN PART 3, IN ENGLISH CHAPTER 10 Plurality of parties Section 1: Plurality of debtors ARTICLE 10:101: SOLIDARY, SEPARATE AND […]

European Caselaw Databases

JURE, a database created by the European Commission, contains case law on jurisdiction in civil and commercial matters and on the recognition and enforcement of judgments in a State other than the one where the judgment was passed. This includes case law on relevant international […]