Ordeal Formulas

Ordeal Formulas The early germanic law had several significant elements that influenced later European legal systems, including an adversarial procedural system: The Ordeal. Liturgical Ordeal Formulas The two methods of proof used in early Germanic law were compurgation and ordeal. In compurgation the accused swore to his own innocence together with a group of “oath-helpers.” … Read more

Criminal Punishment

Criminal Punishment in Europe Attitudes About Criminal Punishment Introduction to Criminal Punishment During the late 1700s and early 1800s, several French, English, and Italian philosophers and social reformers achieved prominence through their criticisms of corporal punishments. For […]