Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Europe

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in the Swedish Penal Code

The Swedish Criminal Code was adopted in 1962 and entered into force on 1 January 1965. It contains provisions on theft, robbery and other crimes of stealing and on most of the acts

that constitute crimes in Sweden. The provisions on other crimes

are to be found in special legislation.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 7

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 7 reads as follows: A person who unlawfully takes or uses a motor vehicle or other motor-driven conveyance belonging to another, shall, unless the crime is punishable under the previous provisions of this Chapter, be sentenced for vehicle theft to imprisonment for at most two years or, if the crime is of a petty nature, to a fine. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most four years shall be imposed.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 1

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 1 reads as follows: A person who unlawfully takes what belongs to another with intent to acquire it, shall, if the appropriation involves loss, be sentenced for theft to imprisonment for at most two years.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 9

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 9 reads as follows: A person who, in order to restore a personal right, unlawfully interferes with another's possession shall be sentenced for selfrepossession to a fine or imprisonment for at most six months.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 12

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 12 reads as follows: An attempt or preparation to commit theft, gross theft, robbery, gross robbery, vehicle theft or unlawful diversion of energy, and also conspiracy to commit or failure to reveal robbery or gross robbery shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 23. If, however, a completed vehicle theft would have been regarded as petty such punishment shall not be imposed.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 13

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 13 reads as follows: If a crime as defined in this Chapter other than gross theft, robbery or gross robbery has been committed against: 1. a person living with the accused other than on a temporary basis, 2. a spouse or a blood relation in a direct ascending or descending line or a relative by marriage, sibling, brother-in-law or sister-in-law, or 3. any other person similarly closely related to the accused, a public prosecutor may institute a prosecution only if the injured party has reported the crime for prosecution or if prosecution is called for in the public interest. In application of the present provisions, any person accessory to the crime and any person guilty of receiving stolen goods or petty receiving of stolen goods shall be deemed equivalent to a accused. (Law 1987:791)

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 5

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 5 reads as follows: If a person steals from another by means of violence or by a threat implying or appearing to the threatened person to imply an imminent danger, or who, after committing a theft and being caught in the act, resists by such violence or threat a person who attempts to recover the stolen property, imprisonment for at least one and at most six years shall be imposed for robbery. The same shall apply to a person who by such violence or threat forces another to commit or omit to commit some act so that gain results to the accused and loss to the person so forced or to someone he represents. Causing helplessness or a similar state of incapacitation shall be regarded as equivalent to violence. If the conduct under the first, paragraph, having regard to the violence, threat or other circumstances, is of a less serious nature the sentence shall not be for robbery but for such other crime as the conduct entails. (Law 1975:1395)

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 11

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 11 reads as follows: If a person unlawfully takes such objects as are mentioned in Chapter 12, Section 2, second, paragraph from a forest or field, and if the crime is not to be considered as trespassing as there defined, the provisions of the present Chapter on misappropriation of property shall apply. If a person disturbs another's possession of real property, by, for instance unlawfully raising or breaking down a fence, or by building, digging, ploughing, making a road or letting animals graze, or without authorisation deprives another of possession of real property or a part thereof, the provisions of Sections 8 and 9 on unlawful dispossession and unlawful repossession shall apply.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 8

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 8 reads as follows: If a person, in a case other than those specially provided for in this Chapter, unlawfully takes and uses or otherwise appropriates something, a fine or imprisonment for at most six months shall be imposed for unlawful dispossession. The same shall apply to a person who, without any appropriation, by fitting or breaking a lock or by other means unlawfully disturbs another's possession or by violence or threat of violence prevents another from exercising his right to retain or take something. If the crime is gross, imprisonment for at most two years shall be imposed.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 4

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 4 reads as follows: If the crime under Section 1 is considered to be gross, imprisonment for at least six months and at most six years shall be imposed for gross theft. In assessing whether the crime is gross, special consideration shall be given to whether the unlawful appropriation took place after intrusion into a dwelling, whether it concerned the appropriation of property borne by a person, whether the accused was equipped with a weapon, explosive or similar aid, or whether the act was otherwise of an especially dangerous or ruthless nature, concerned property of considerable value or entailed a keenly felt loss. (Law 1988:2)

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 2

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 2 reads as follows: If the crime under Section 1, having regard to the value of the stolen goods and other circumstances of the crime, is regarded as petty, a fine or imprisonment for at most six months shall be imposed for petty theft.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 6

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 6 reads as follows: If the crime under Section 5 is regarded as gross, imprisonment for at least four and at most ten years shall be imposed for gross robbery. In assessing whether the crime is gross, special consideration shall be given to whether the violence was dangerous to life or whether the accused caused serious bodily injury or a severe illness or otherwise exhibited considerable brutality or ruthlessly took advantage of the victim's defenceless or exposed situation.

Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing in Sweden under

Section 3

Under Part Two, on Crimes, and Chapter 8, on Theft, Robbery and Other Crimes of Stealing, the Section 3 reads as follows: Repealed (Law 1987:791)

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