Youth Correctional Facilities

Youth Correctional Facilities in Europe

Coping With Strains in Youth Correctional Facilities

Verena Boxberg, from the University of Cologne, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category “Punishment and its alternatives,” under the title “Coping With Strains in Youth Correctional Facilities”. Here is the abstract: Being incarcerated causes multiple strains (also known as pains of imprisonment) on juvenile inmates. Coping with this situation and an adaptation to the life in prison is necessary in some way. Inmate-on-inmate violence can be understood as an expression of maladaptation to prison life. The main issue of this paper is the question, how inmates cope with the situation in prison and what kind of support they have. Furthermore the relation between strains, coping strategies and violence is analyzed. The data for this analysis are derived from the research project “Violence and Suicide within Youth Correctional Facilities”. The analysis is based on questionnaires of 386 male juveniles (aged 16-24) incarcerated in three different German Youth Correctional Facilities.

Strain Pattern and Violence Within and Outside Prisons – Comparing Young Prisoners With Probationers

Jenny Haeufle, from the University of Cologne, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category “Punishment and its alternatives,” under the title “Strain Pattern and Violence Within and Outside Prisons – Comparing Young Prisoners With Probationers”. Here is the abstract: Prisoners are known to face many challenges prior to and during imprisonment. Many of them have a difficult socio-economical background and multiple problems (e.g. violence, drug abuse, poor education). In prison they have to integrate themselves into the prison subculture and adapt to the institution. Violence might be one result of both, strains prior to a sentence and inside the prison. Nevertheless, people on probation might face similar problems and might also use violence as one way of dealing with different obstacles. The goal of this study is to compare the link between different problems and violence for the young offenders inside prison with those on probation. Survey data of prisoners and probationers from the research project “Violence and Suicide within Youth Correctional Facilities” are used for the analysis. Inmates' strain pattern and their influences on violence are compared with the ones of the probationers and implications for violence are discussed.

Changing Strains, Changing Perspectives? Narratives of Juveniles About Strains and Violence Before and in Prison

Holger Schmidt, from the University of Cologne, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, in the category “Punishment and its alternatives,” under the title “Changing Strains, Changing Perspectives? Narratives of Juveniles About Strains and Violence Before and in Prison”. Here is the abstract: The classic criminological literature is familiar with the figure of the drifter (Matza), who is characterized by being (fatalistically) driven by external circumstances and pressures, but then tries to regain control and to empower himself by turning to (sometimes impulsive) deviant actions. Imprisonment as a (critical) life-event is mostly excluded. What do the accounts of young imprisoned men tell us about the transitional experience from freedom to confinement in which they are exposed to different kinds of strains? How do they position themselves to the multitude of experienced strains and how do they link these experiences to their performed violence? Are there similarities to be found in their narrations about time before and in imprisonment or are ambivalences more prevalent? The presentation is based on a qualitative interview study from the research project “Violence and Suicide within Youth Correctional Facilities”.

Resources

See Also

Further Reading

  • “Changing Strains, Changing Perspectives? Narratives of Juveniles About Strains and Violence Before and in Prison”, by Holger Schmidt (Proceedings)

Resources

See Also

Further Reading

  • “Strain Pattern and Violence Within and Outside Prisons – Comparing Young Prisoners With Probationers”, by Jenny Haeufle (Proceedings)

Resources

See Also

Further Reading

  • “Coping With Strains in Youth Correctional Facilities”, by Verena Boxberg (Proceedings)

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