In some countries, subordinate legislation includes regulations, administrative decisions, orders, procedures, directives and bylaws. In Canada, for example, Regulations are defined as a statutory instrument.
- Regulations Definition in the Legal Dictionary
- Regulations Synonym
- Regulations in Administrative Law
To conduct legal research, in some countries is helpful to use a consolidated version to locate the piece of legislation enacted under a statute. Some consolidated versions of regulations are available in Internet:
- Official Department of Justice Websites (for example, in Canada)
- Commercial consolidated index to regulations
- Some jurisdictions of WorldLII
The consolidated version will contain amendments up to the date of the consolidation. Look for the date of the consolidation, and check for amendments from that date.
If you need to conduct historical research on the regulations, rather than just study the consolidated version, the Consolidated Index will provide you with citations to all regulations, and amendments to them,
U.S. Federal Regulations
In the United States, the Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the final regulations published in the U.S. Federal Register by agency and subject.
- U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
- U.S. Federal Banking Regulations
- U.S. Federal Register (Fed. Reg.)
- U.S. Federal Laws
- U.S. Federal Acquisition Regulations
- U.S. DOT Regulations (see U.S. Department Of Transportation).
- U.S. HIPAA Regulations (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services): see the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
- U.S. ITAR Regulations (see also International Traffic in Arms Regulations)
- U.S. FCC Regulations (see also U.S. Federal Communications Commission)
Federal Regulation Resources
- EO 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review
- EO 13563, Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review
- EO 13579, Regulation and Independent Regulatory Agencies
- EO 13610, Identifying and Reducing Regulatory Burdens
- EO 13609, Promoting International Regulatory Cooperation
- EO 12988, Civil Justice Reform
- EO 13045, Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks
- EO 13132, Federalism
- EO 13175, Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments
- EO 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use
- EO 13272, Proper Consideration of Small Entities in Agency Rulemaking
- EO 12630, Governmental Actions and Interference With Constitutionally Protected Property Rights
Congress and Federal Legislation
- Administrative Procedure Act
- Paperwork Reduction Act
- Congressional Review Act
- National Environmental Policy Act
- Negotiated Rulemaking Act
- National Technology Transfer Advancement Act
- Regulatory Flexibility Act
- Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
- United States Code – Search via House Law Revision Counsel Website
- United States Code – Search via FDsys
- United States Congress via Thomas
- United States Legislative Branch via Thomas
Code of Federal Regulations
- Search Federal Register
- Most Recent Daily Table of Contents
- Office of the Federal Register
- The Federal Register Tutorial (What the FR Is and How to Use It)
- Federal Register Thesaurus of Indexing Terms
Government Accountability Office
- Federal Executive Branch
- Independent Agencies and Government Corporations
- Small Business Administration Regulatory Alerts
- United States Government Manual
- Administrative Law Treatise, 5th ed. 3 vols.
- Administrative Law and Practice, 3d ed. 5 vols.
- U.S. Government Manual
- Administrative Law. 1 vol.
- Administrative Law and Process in a Nutshell, 5th ed.
Regulations As Union 'Laws'Content about Regulations from the publication “The ABC of European Union law” (2010, European Union) by Klaus-Dieter Borchardt.
The legal acts that enable the Union institutions to impinge furthest on the domestic legal systems are the regulations. Two features highly unusual in international law mark them out.
Context of Regulations in the European Union
_The first is their Community nature, which means that they lay down the same law throughout the Union, regardless of international borders, and apply in full in all Member States. A Member State has no power to apply a regulation incompletely or to select only those provisions of which it approves as a means of ensuring that an instrument which it opposed at the time of its adoption or which runs counter to its perceived national interest is not given effect. Nor can it invoke provisions or practices of domestic law to preclude the mandatory application of a regulation.
_The second is direct applicability, which means that the legal acts do not have to be transposed into national law but confer rights or impose obligations on the Union citizen in the same way as national law. The Member States and their governing institutions and courts are bound directly by Union law and have to comply with it in the same way as with national law.
More about Regulations in the European Union
The similarities between these legal acts and statute law passed in individual Member States are unmistakable. If they are enacted with the involvement of the European Parliament (under the co-decision-making procedure – see next section), they are described as 'legislative acts'. Parliament has no responsibility for regulations, which are only enacted by the Council or the European Commission and thus, from a procedural point of view at least, they lack the essential characteristics of legislation of this kind.