Advanced Electronic Signature

Advanced Electronic Signature in Europe Advanced Electronic Signature (in European Private Law) In this context, this may be a concept of the term: An "advanced electronic signature" is an electronic signature which is (a) uniquely linked to the signatory (b) capable of identifying […]

Administrative Cooperation

Administrative Cooperation in Europe The rationale of administrative cooperation in relation to the E.U. Services Directive The following is an examination of the rationale of administrative cooperation regarding the European Union Servicies Directive [1]: The rationale of administrative […]

Engrenage

Engrenage in Europe Description of Engrenage The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes engrenage in the following terms: [1] Meshing (as of gears) – a word used in Eurocrat circles to describe the deliberate process of engaging national technocrats or lobby groups in […]

London

London in Europe Description of The City of London The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes the city of london in the following terms: [1] The impact of EMU on the City's position as a financial centre is one of the five criteria set by the Labour government for whether […]

Advocate General

Advocate General in Europe Definition of Advocate General In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Advocate General : An assistant to the judge of the *European Court of Justice whose function is to assist the court by presenting opinions upon every case […]

Fouchet Plan

Fouchet Plan in Europe Description of Fouchet Plan The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes fouchet plan in the following terms: [1] The name of Fouchet, a French diplomat, would doubtless have languished in obscurity for ever had he not been made the mouthpiece of Charles […]

Co-decision

Co-decision in Europe Description of Co-decision The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes co-decision in the following terms: [1] Joint decision by the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament. Established by the 1992 Maastricht Treaty (and now largely replacing the […]

Advocate, Crown

Definition of Advocate, Crown Formerly, the second law officer of the Crown in the Court of Admiralty Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Advocate, Crown in the Dictionaries, Advocate, Crown in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics […]

Advocate, Lord

Definition of Advocate, Lord The chief law officer of the Crown in Scotland Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Advocate, Lord in the Dictionaries, Advocate, Lord in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia […]

Advocates, Faculty Of

Definition of Advocates, Faculty Of The body which has the exclusive right of appointing advocates or members of the Scottish Bar Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Advocates, Faculty Of in the Dictionaries, Advocates, Faculty Of in our legal […]

Advow, Avow, Or Avouch

Definition of Advow, Avow, Or Avouch To vouch ; to call on the feudal lord to defend his tenant’s right Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Advow, Avow, Or Avouch in the Dictionaries, Advow, Avow, Or Avouch in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, […]

Advowson

Definition of Advowson The right of presentation to a church or benefice. It is real property. By the Benefices Act, 1898, the bishop may refuse to institute the appointed person if a sale of the advowson is made within the year prior to the occurrence of a vacancy, unless it can be proved […]

Adoption

Adoption in Europe Definition of Adoption There are 2 meanings: Adoption of a contract. The acceptance of it as binding, notwithstanding some defect which entitles the party to repudiate it. Adoption of a children. See Adoption in the legal Dictionaries. History In Ancient […]

Advowson Appendant

Definition of Advowson Appendant An advowson annexed to a manor Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Advowson Appendant in the Dictionaries, Advowson Appendant in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of […]

Adoptive Act

Definition of Adoptive Act An Act of Parliament which does not become operative until adopted by a public body or a particular number of voters ; e.g., the Public Libraries Acts, 1892 1901 Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Adoptive Act in the […]

Advowson In Gross

Definition of Advowson In Gross An advowson belonging to a person, and not annexed to a manor Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Advowson In Gross in the Dictionaries, Advowson In Gross in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from […]

Adrogatio

Definition of Adrogatio The oldest form of adoption, applicable only in adoption of persons sui juris. Originally it took place under the sanction of the Pontifex, and in the comitia curiata, as an act of legislation ; superseded under the empire by the imperial rescript. (Roman law.) Browse […]

Adulteration

Definition of Adulteration The mixing with any substance intended to be sold of any ingredient which is dangerous to health or which makes the substance something other than that as which it is sold or intended to be sold. It is an offence under the Sale of Food and Drugs Acts, 18751907 Browse […]

Adultery

Adultery in Europe Definition of Adultery Sexual intercourse between a married man or married woman and any person other than his or her wife or husband. Adultery by either party was, in the history of Great Britain and the United States, a ground for judicial separation or divorce. See […]

Advance

Definition of Equitable Doctrine Of Advancement If a purchase or investment is made by a father, or person in loco parentis, in the name of a child, a presumption arises that it was intended as an advancement (that is, for the benefit of the child), so as to rebut what would otherwise be the […]

Advancement, Power Of

Definition of Advancement, Power Of The power generally given to trustees or guardians to apply, for the benefit of each child during its minority, part of the capital or share of the property to which it will become entitled on attaining twenty-one Browse You might be interested in these […]

Adverse Possession

Definition of Adverse Possession An occupation of land inconsistent with the right of the true owner.If the adverse possession continues for a certain period of time, it produces the effect either of barring the right of the time owner, and thus converting the possessor into the owner, or of […]

Advertisements

Definition of Advertisements offering a reward for the return of stolen property and promising that no questions will be asked, constitute an offence under the Larceny Act, 1861, s. 102. The printer and publisher are also liable (Larceny Advertisements) Act, 1870). See also Carlill v. Carbolic […]

Advocate

Definition of Advocate One who pleads the cause of another in a judicial tribunal ; barristers or solicitors. Formerly, a member of the College of Advocates, with the exclusive right of practising in the Ecclesiastical and Admiralty Courts. The College of Advocates was abolished by the Court […]

Admiralty Action

Definition of Admiralty Action Every action which may be tried in the Admiralty Court, now the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division.The Admiralty Court had exclusive jurisdiction as to salvage ; life salvage ; bottomry ; necessaries supplied to foreign ships, and concurrent jurisdiction […]

Admiralty, Droits Of

Definition of Admiralty, Droits Of When a state of war exists, enemy goods seized in English ports go to the Crown as droits of Admiralty. Formerly derelict ships and wreckage on the high seas were condemned as droits of Admiralty : they are now dealt with under the Merchant Shipping Acts […]

Admission

Definition of Admission A statement, oral, written or inferred from conduct, made by or on behalf of a party to a suit, and admissible in evidence, if relevant, as against his interest. They are either formal or informal(1) Formal admissions for the purpose of the trial may be made on […]

Admittance

Definition of Admittance The lord of a manor was said to admit a person as tenant of copyhold lands forming part of the manor when he accepted him as tenant of those lands in place of the former tenant, e.g., on the surrender, devise, or death intestate of the former tenant. Copyholds were […]

Adolesoens

Definition of Adolesoens A person between the ages of puberty (14 in boys, 12 in girls) and majority (25). (Roman law.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Adolesoens in the Dictionaries, Adolesoens in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse […]

Adoptio

Definition of Adoptio Adoption is the transfer of a person from the potestas of one man o that of another; (1) by imperial rescript, under which a man may adopt men or women sni juris (adrogatio (q.v.)) ; (2) by the authority of a magistrate, under which a man may adopt men or women alieni […]

Administration Bond

Definition of Administration Bond The bond which must be given by a person to whom letters of administration are granted Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Administration Bond in the Dictionaries, Administration Bond in our legal dictionaries, […]

Admiral Or Lord High Admiral

Definition of Admiral Or Lord High Admiral An officer entrusted by the Crown with the charge of the seas. To naval were added judicial functions in the reign of Edward III, when the Court of the Admiral was established. The criminal jurisdiction of this Court was ultimately transferred to the […]

Ademption

Definition of Ademption The complete or partial extinction or withholding of a legacy (but not of a devise of real estate) by some act of the testator during his life other than revocation by a testamentary instrument ; e.g., the sale of an object specifically bequeathed. Where a father or […]

Adfinitas

Definition of Adfinitas Affinity , the relationship established by marriage between the husband and the kindred of his wife, and between the wife and the kindred of her husband. (Roman law.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Adfinitas in the […]

Adjective Law

Definition of Adjective Law So much of the law as relates to practice and procedure. (Bentham.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Adjective Law in the Dictionaries, Adjective Law in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the […]

Adjournment Sine Die

Definition of Adjournment Sine Die Putting off indefinitely Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Adjournment Sine Die in the Dictionaries, Adjournment Sine Die in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of […]

Adjudication

Definition of Adjudication 1. The order which declares a debtor to be bankrupt. 2. The decision of the Commissioners of Inland Revenue as to the liability of a document to stamp duty Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Adjudication in the […]

Adjunctio

Definition of Adjunctio A form of accession ; the joining of materials belonging to one person’ with something belonging to another; e.g., when one weaves another’s purple into his own vestment. (Roman law.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription […]

Adjustment

Definition of Adjustment The operation of settling and ascertaining the amount which the assured, after allowancps and deductions are made, is entitled to receive under a policy of marine insurance and of fixing the proportion which each underwriter is liable to pay. See Average Browse You […]

Admeasurement Of Dower

Definition of Admeasurement Of Dower A writ formerly brought by an heir against the widow of an ancestor who was alleged to withhold more land for her dower than she was entitled to Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Admeasurement Of Dower in the […]

Admeasurement Of Pasture

Definition of Admeasurement Of Pasture A writ formerly brought by one commoner against another commoner alleged to have put more beasts on the common than was lawful Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Admeasurement Of Pasture in the Dictionaries, […]

Administration

Definition of Administration involves three distinct duties collection of the assets of a deceased person, payment of the debts, and distribution of the surplus to the persons beneficially entitled. The estate is usually administered by the executor out of Court, but it may be administered in […]

Ad Vitam Aut Culpam

Definition of Ad Vitam Aut Culpam An office held during the life of the officer or until he misconducts himself in such manner as to justify his removal Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Ad Vitam Aut Culpam in the Dictionaries, Ad Vitam Aut Culpam […]

Adams And The Kensington Vestry

Definition of Adams And The Kensington Vestry Re (27 Ch. D. 394). The Court now leans against construing precatory words as trusts. A testator disposed of his property to his wife in full confidence that she will do what is right as to the disposal thereof between my children, either in her […]

Addison V. Gandassequi

Definition of Addison V. Gandassequi ((1812), 4 Taunt. 574). The defendant being abroad and desirous of purchasing certain goods, came to England and went to his agents, L. & Co. These agents purchased the goods for him from the plaintiffs, he selecting them, and the plaintiffs debited the […]