Mafia

Mafia in Europe If London Cries, Rome Does Not Laugh: the Inefficient Strategy to Counter Organised Crime in the uk and the Weaknesses of an Established Anti Mafia Legislation in Italy Anna Sergi, from the University of Essex, made a contribution to the 2012 Annual Conference of the European […]

Max Weber

Max Weber in Europe Literature Review on Max Weber In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Sean Hildebrand offers the following summary about the topic of Max Weber: Max Weber was a German sociologist who while being recognized as the "founder of […]

MacDougall Report

MacDougall Report in Europe Description of MacDougall Report The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes macdougall report in the following terms: [1] The 1977 MacDougall Report, named after its chairman, an economic adviser to the CBI, was produced at the request of the […]

Maastricht Treaty

Maastricht Treaty in Europe Description of Maastricht Treaty The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes maastricht treaty in the following terms: [1] The Maastricht Treaty, signed in 1992 and officially known as the Treaty on European Union (TEU), introduced several important […]

Marshall Plan

Marshall Plan in Europe Description of Marshall Plan (Marshall Aid) The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes marshall plan (marshall aid) in the following terms: [1] The Marshall Plan, named after General Marshall, a US army chief of staff in World War II, was a unique act […]

Martial Law

Martial Law in Europe Definition of Martial Law

Originally the law administered in the Court of the Constable and Marshall. Later it was confused with military law. Now it means " The suppression of ordinary law and the temporary government of a country or parts of it by military […]

Mandate for Direct Representation

Mandate for Direct Representation in Europe Mandate for Direct Representation (in European Private Law) In this context, this may be a concept of the term: A "mandate for direct representation" is a mandate under which the agent is to act in the name of the principal, or otherwise in […]

Mandate

Mandate in Europe Definition of Mandate

A direction, request, or authoritative command. Thus a cheque is a mandate by the drawer to his banker to pay the amount to the transferee or holder of the cheque

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Single Market

Single Market in Europe Description of Single market The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes single market in the following terms: [1] From the outset, a single, or common, internal European market was the primary stated purpose of the 1957 Treaty of Rome (see more in this […]

Marginal cost pricing

Marginal cost pricing in Europe Marginal cost pricing and the Public Sector Information With marginal cost pricing we intend the application of charges aimed at recouping only marginal costs of reproduction and dissemination (the latter therefore representing a cap for charges). Under this […]

Maintenance of Capital

Maintenance of Capital in Europe Financial assistance for purchase of its own shares (ss677–683) Find out more information about this subject here: General prohibition on public companies giving financial assistance Breach of the prohibition Exceptions The principal or larger purpose […]

Marginal cost

Marginal cost in Europe Marginal cost and the Public Sector Information In economics, marginal cost is defined as the change in the total cost entailed by the production of a further unit of a good. In the PSI-related literature and legislation, marginal cost is often applied to the […]

Maintenance

Maintenance in Europe Definition of Maintenance (1) The supply of the necessaries of life for a person. A maintenance clause in a deed of settlement is the provision of income for such a purpose. (2) Maintenance signifieth in law a taking in hand bearing up or upholding of quarrels and […]

Marxist Socialism

Marxist Socialism in Europe Socialism Industrialization and Marxist Socialism Introduction to Marxist Socialism With Marx and Engels socialism acquired a theory of history and a theory of exploitation. Their publication of the Communist Manifesto in 1848 marked the end of the dominance of […]

Mayhem

Definition of Mayhem consists in violently depriving another of the use of a member proper for his defence in fight, such as an arm, a leg, an, eye, etc. It was both a civil injury and a criminal offence. Obsolete Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription […]

Mayor's And City Of London Court

Definition of Mayor’s And City Of London Court A new Court formed in 1921 by the amalgamation of the Mayor’s Court of London and the City of London Court. (Mayor’s and City of London Court Act, 1920.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Mayor’s And […]

Mayor's Court Of London

Definition of Mayor’s Court Of London An inferior Court which had jurisdiction in civil cases where the whole cause of action arose within the City of London Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Mayor’s Court Of London in the Dictionaries, Mayor’s […]

May V. Burdett

Definition of May V. Burdett ((1846), 9 Q. B. 101). Held, that il a person is possessed of an animal ferae naturae, he is liable if it escapes and does damage, even though he be guiltless of any negligence Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription May V. […]

Marsh V. Lee

Definition of Marsh V. Lee ((1670), 2 Ventris, 337). Held, that if a third mortgagee, having advanced his money without notice of a second mortgage, afterwards buy in a first mortgage, then such third mortgagee, having obtained the first mortgage and having the law on his side and equal […]

Marshal

Definition of Marshal In the King’s Bench Division of the High Court, a marshal is an officer who attends each Judge on circuit in a personal capacity.The Marshal of the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division in Admiralty matters is entrusted with execution of warrants and orders of the Court […]

Marshalling

Definition of Marshalling Where there are two creditors of the same debtor, ancf one creditor has a right to resort to two funds of the debtor for payment of his debt, and the other creditor has the right to resort only to one fund, the Court will order the first creditor to be paid out of the […]

Master And Servant

Definition of Master And Servant The relation of master and servant exists when the master has the right at the moment to control the manner in which the servant shall act, e.g., a clerk is a servant: an opera singer is not. A master is liable for the act or default of his servant committed in […]

Master In Lunacy

Definition of Master In Lunacy An officer of the Lord Chancellor, as guardian of lunatics, and the administrator of their property. He makes inquiries into the state of mind of persons alleged to be insane Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Master In […]

Master Of The Grown Office

Definition of Master Of The Grown Office A Master of the Supreme Court who files criminal informations in the Court of King’s Bench upon the relation or complaint of private persons. See King’s Coroner; Information Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription […]

Master Of The Mint

Definition of Master Of The Mint The Chancellor of the Exchequer. (Coinage Act, 1870.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Master Of The Mint in the Dictionaries, Master Of The Mint in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the […]

Master Of The Rolls

Definition of Master Of The Rolls He was originally keeper of the records and assistant to the Lord Chancellor. Subsequently, in the reign of Edward I, he acquired judicial authority in the Court of Chancery. In more modern times any suit, petition, etc., could be heard in the first instance […]

Master V. Miller

Definition of Master V. Miller ((1791), 4 T. R. 320). An unauthorised alteration of the date of a bill of exchange after acceptance, whereby the payment would be accelerated, avoids the instrument ; and no action can be afterwards brought upon it, even by an innocent holder for a valuable […]

Masters In Chancery

Definition of Masters In Chancery They were assistants of the Lord Chancellor, and of the Master of the Rolls. They eat in chambers for the discharge of functions which were partly ministerial and partly judicial. The Court of Chancery Act, 1852, abolished the Masters and provided for the […]

Masters Of The Supreme Court

Definition of Masters Of The Supreme Court These consist of (1) the Masters in the Chancery Division ; (2) the seven Masters of the King’s Bench Division, who superseded the Masters of King’s Bench, Common Pleas and Exchequer ; (3) the eleven Masters of the Supreme Court who carry out the […]

Matrimonial Causes

Definition of Matrimonial Causes Suits for divorce, nullity of marriage, judicial separation, damages for adultery, restitution of conjugal rights, and jactitation of marriage Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Matrimonial Causes in the Dictionaries, […]

Marriage-brocage

Definition of Marriage-brocage A contract to procure a marriage between two persons for reward. Such a contract is void. See Hermann v. Charlesworth Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Marriage-brocage in the Dictionaries, Marriage-brocage in our […]

Matrtmonium

Definition of Matrtmonium Matrimony, the marriage-tie. (Roman law.) See Nuptice Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Matrtmonium in the Dictionaries, Matrtmonium in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia […]

Married Woman

Definition of Married Woman See Husband and Wife Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Married Woman in the Dictionaries, Married Woman in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of Law, Browse the Legal […]

Matthews V. Baxter

Definition of Matthews V. Baxter ((1873), L. R. 8 Ex. 132). Held, that a party who enters into a contract when in state of intoxication may, when sober, ratify it, and in such case will be bound Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Matthews V. Baxter […]

Marriot V. Hampton

Definition of Marriot V. Hampton ((1797), 7 T. R 269). Where money has been paid by the plaintiff to the defendant under the compulsion of law, which is afterwards discovered not to have been due, the plaintiff cannot recover it back in an action for money had and received.The plaintiff having […]

Marais, D. F., Ex P.,

Definition of Marais, D. F., Ex P., ([1902] A. C. 109). In 1901, during the war between Great Britain and the South African Republic, Marais, a British subject, was arrested on a charge of having violated regulations made in pursuance of a proclamation of martial law. The district in which he […]

Marches

Definition of Marches The boundary between England and Wales and that between England and Scotland. See Lords Marchers Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Marches in the Dictionaries, Marches in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics […]

Marchet; Marcheta; Merchetum

Definition of Marchet; Marcheta; Merchetum A fine which some tenants had to pay to their lord for liberty to give away their daughters in marriage Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Marchet; Marcheta; Merchetum in the Dictionaries, Marchet; Marcheta; […]

Manby V. Scott

Definition of Manby V. Scott ((1659), 1 Sid. 109). The defendant’s wife departed from him without his consent and lived twelve years separate from him and then returned, but he would not receive her nor allow her any maintenance, and defendant forbade tradesmen, particularly the plaintiffs, […]

Marginal Notes

Definition of Marginal Notes of Acts of Parliament are not part of the Act Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Marginal Notes in the Dictionaries, Marginal Notes in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia […]

Mandamus

Definition of Mandamus A high prerogative writ which issues in the King’s name from the High Court of Justice on application to the King’s Bench Division to some person or body to compel the performance of a public duty, where no other effective means of redress is available. See Order LIIL […]

Maritagium

Definition of Maritagium The power which the lord had of disposing of his infant ward in marriage. Also land given as a marriage portion ; a dowry Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Maritagium in the Dictionaries, Maritagium in our legal […]