Hard écu

Hard écu in Europe Description of Hard écu The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes hard écu in the following terms: [1] The idea that the EC should adopt a non-exclusive common currency, instead of a single currency, was floated by the British government in 1990, but […]

Four Freedoms

Four Freedoms in Europe Description of Four freedoms The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes four freedoms in the following terms: [1] The 1957 Treaty of Rome sets out four freedoms which should characterise the internal market and lay the foundations of an ever closer […]

Charles De Gaulle

Charles De Gaulle in Europe Charles De Gaulle History General, and President of France between 1958-1969. Made his name as leader of the Free French during the Second World War. Gave independence to all France's African colonies, and lost the war in Algeria. Blocked the United Kingdom's first […]

Party List

Party List in Europe Description of Party list The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes party list in the following terms: [1] The system, common on the Continent, whereby votes are cast for parties rather than for individual constituency candidates. The parties then […]

Child Abuse

Child Abuse in Europe Child Abuse in Germany Provisions relating to child abuse in the German Criminal Code [1]: This criminal issue is covered by Chapter Thirteen, under the heading "Offences Against Sexual Self-determination," located in Section 176 Child abuse, which reads: […]

Japan and Europe

Japan and Europe in Europe Description of Japan and Europe The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes japan and europe in the following terms: [1] Japan's relations with the EU centre on trade (see more in this European encyclopedia). Famously adept at protecting and […]

Charlemagne

Charlemagne in Europe Description of Charlemagne The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes charlemagne (742-814) in the following terms: [1] Europeans who like to trace the history of unification to the past have a number of candidates to choose from. The Romans gave Europe […]

Merger Treaty

Merger Treaty in Europe Description of Merger Treaty The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes merger treaty in the following terms: [1] Signed in 1965 and brought into force in 1967, the Merger Treaty established a single Commission and a single Council of Ministers for the […]

Child Trafficking

Child Trafficking in Europe Child Trafficking in Germany Provisions relating to child trafficking in the German Criminal Code [1]: This criminal issue is covered by Chapter Eighteen, under the heading "Offences Against Personal Freedom," located in Section 236 Child trafficking, […]

Child Pornography

Child Pornography in Europe Distribution, Acquisition and Possession of Child Pornography in Germany Provisions relating to distribution, acquisition and possession of child pornography in the German Criminal Code [1]: This criminal issue is covered by Chapter Thirteen, under the heading […]

Changing A Will

Changing A Will in Europe Most Popular Entries related to Changing a Will Types of Trusts (in Europe) Living Trusts (in Europe) Revocable Trusts (in Europe) Business Trusts (in Europe) Irrevocable Trust (in Europe) Probate (in Europe) Probate Definition (in Europe) Avoiding Probate (in […]

Choice of the Service Provider

Choice of the Service Provider in Europe Prohibition of requirements limiting the choice of the service provider between principal and secondary establishment in relation to the E.U. Services Directive The following is an examination of prohibition of requirements limiting the choice of the […]

Child Labour Law

Child Labour Law in Europe Most Popular Entries related to Child labour Law labour Law (in Europe) labour Law Outline (in Europe) labour Law Career (in Europe) labour Law Overtime (in Europe) Child labour Law (in Europe) labour Law Key Terms (in Europe) labour Law Glossary (in Europe)

Checks on Request

Checks on Request in Europe The obligation to carry out checks on request in relation to the E.U. Services Directive The following is an examination of the obligation to carry out checks on request regarding the European Union Servicies Directive [1]: The obligation to carry out checks on […]

Choice of Sanction

Choice of Sanction in Europe Choice of Sanction in Sweden Choice of Sanction in the Swedish Penal Code The Swedish Criminal Code was adopted in 1962 and entered into force on 1 January 1965. It contains provisions on choice of sanction and on most of the acts that constitute crimes in Sweden. […]

Charter of Paris

Charter of Paris in Europe Description of Charter of Paris The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes charter of paris in the following terms: [1] Signed in Paris in 1990, the Charter of Paris for a New Europe signalled the end of 'the era of confrontation and division in […]

Child Labor Law

Child Labor Law in Europe See Also Department of Labor (United States) Federal Labor Law (in the U. S.) Related to Child Labor Law Popular Entries in the Worldwide Legal Encyclopedia Labor Law (in the World) Labor Law Outline (in the World) Labor Law Career (in the World) Labor Law […]

Charges

Charges in Europe Company Law: Security for borrowing – company charges Find out more information about this subject here: Types of charge over company properties Priority of Company Charges Registration of Company Charges Register of Company Charges Other forms of registration of […]

Charter

Charter in Europe Definition of Charter Any deed relating to hereditaments, especially deeds of feoffment, but it is now always used in the sense of a royal charter, which is a grant by the Crown, in the form of letters patent under the Great Seal, to persons therein designated, of specified […]

Charles De Montesquieu

Charles de Montesquieu in Europe Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755), French writer and jurist. Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu, was born in the Château of la Brède and educated at the Oratorian school at Juilly and later at Bordeaux. He became counselor of the […]

Charles Maurras

Charles Maurras in Europe Charles Maurras Charles Maurras (1868-1952), French political writer, philosopher, and journalist, born in Martigues, Provence. Maurras came to Paris in 1885 and joined the staff of L’Action Française, which, with Maurras and Léon Daudet as its directors, soon became […]

Churchwardens

Definition of Churchwardens Parochial officers and guardians of the property of the Church Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Churchwardens in the Dictionaries, Churchwardens in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European […]

Chiltern Hundreds

Definition of Chiltern Hundreds The hundreds of Stoke, Desborough and Burnham in Bucks. A member of the House of Commons cannot resign his seat, but the acceptance of an office of profit under the Crown obliges him to vacate it, but may leave him eligible for re-election. The stewardship of […]

Chirograph

Definition of Chirograph Anciently a deed of two parts which were written on the same paper or parchment, with the word chirographum in capital letters between the two parts : the paper or parchment was then cut through the middle of the letters, and a part given to each party. If the cutting […]

Chose

Definition of Chose A thing ; a chattel personal. A chose in possession is a moveable chattel in the custody or under the control of the owner ; e.g., furniture, horses Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Chose in the Dictionaries, Chose in our legal […]

Chose In Action

Definition of Chose In Action A right of proceeding in a Court of law to procure the payment of a sum of money (e.g., a bill of exchange, a policy of insurance), or to recover pecuniary damages for the infliction of a wrong or the non-performance of a contract. A legal chose in action is a […]

Chase

Definition of Chase A district of land privileged for wild beasts of chase with the exclusive right of hunting therein Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Chase in the Dictionaries, Chase in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from […]

Chasemore V. Richards

Definition of Chasemore V. Richards ((1859), 7. H. L. C. 349). A landowner has no right to percolating water until it reaches his landThe plaintiff was the proprietor of a water-mill on the river Wandle. The local Board of Health for Croydon built some waterworks which caused so much […]

Chattels

Definition of Chattels (Latin; Catalla, Cattle.) Any property other than freehold land. Leasehold and other interests in land less than freehold are termed chattels real, as they savour of the realty. Chattels personal are moveable, tangible articles of property Browse You might be interested […]

Cheat

Definition of Cheat The misdemeanour of fraudulently obtaining the property of another by any deceitful practice not amounting to felony, but of such a nature that it may directly affect the public at large Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Cheat in […]

Chance-medley

Definition of Chance-medley An assault in the course of a sudden brawl or quarrel, followed by the killing of the aggressor ; excusable homicide Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Chance-medley in the Dictionaries, Chance-medley in our legal […]

Cheque

Definition of Cheque A cheque is a bill of exchange (q.v.) drawn on a banker, payable on demand (Bills of Exchange Act, 1882, s. 73). The person making the cheque is called the drawer, and the person to whom it is payable is called the payee. When the cheque bears across its face the words and […]

Chancery

Definition of Chancery See Court of Chancery Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Chancery in the Dictionaries, Chancery in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of Law, Browse the Legal Thesaurus, Find […]

Chesterfield (Earl Of) V. Jan Wen

Definition of Chesterfield (Earl Of) V. Jan Wen ((1751), 2 Yes. 125). Spencer, at the age of 30, had borrowed 5,000 of defendant on the terms of paying 10,000 if he survived his grandmother, from whom he had large expectations, and who was then of the age of 78 years, and nothing if he did […]

Chancey's Case

Definition of Chancey’s Case ((1725), 1 P. Wms. 408). Testator, during his lifetime, and before making his will, gave his servant a bond for 100 for wages due. He afterwards made his will and bequeathed her 500, and directed that all his debts and legacies should be paid. H eld, that the […]

Chief Baron Of The Exchequer

Definition of Chief Baron Of The Exchequer The Judge who presided in the Court of Exchequer, which under the Judicature Act, 1873, SB. 3, 16, became part of the Supreme Court and under section 34 was consolidated with the King’s Bench Division Browse You might be interested in these references […]

Chandelor V. Lop Us

Definition of Chandelor V. Lop Us ((1604), Cro. Jac. 4). An innocent misrepresentation inducing a party to enter into a contract will not render the party making it liable in damages unless it is a warranty. The defendant sold to the plaintiff a stone which he affirmed to be a Bezoar stone, […]

Chief Clerks

Definition of Chief Clerks The old Masters in Chancery (q.v.). The Judicature Act, 1873, transferred them to the Supreme Court and in 1897 they were entitled Masters of the Supreme Court. (See Order LV.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Chief […]

Chapman V. Pickersgill

Definition of Chapman V. Pickersgill ((1762), 2 Wilson, 145). Held, that to institute bankruptcy proceedings against a party maliciously and without reasonable cause, whereby he suffers damage to his fame or property, is actionable Browse You might be interested in these references tools: […]

Chief Justice Of The Common Pleas

Definition of Chief Justice Of The Common Pleas The Judge who presided, before the Judicature Act, 1875, in the Court of Common Pleas, and subsequently in the Common Pleas Division Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Chief Justice Of The Common Pleas […]

Charge

Definition of Charge An obligation or liability. As applied to property, it signifies that it is security for the payment of a debt or performance of an obligation. In criminal law it means an accusation. A charge to a jury is the address of the presiding Judge with regard to the duties of the […]

Chief, Tenants In

Definition of Chief, Tenants In See Capite, Tenure in Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Chief, Tenants In in the Dictionaries, Chief, Tenants In in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of Law, Browse […]

Charge By Way Of Legal Mortgage

Definition of Charge By Way Of Legal Mortgage Introduced by the Law of Property Act, 1922. It. is a charge which has the same effect as a legal mortgage. (See section 87, Law of Property Act, 1925.) Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Charge By Way Of […]

Chief-rent

Definition of Chief-rent A small fixed annual rent payable by freeholders of a manor Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Chief-rent in the Dictionaries, Chief-rent in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European […]