Fraud and Other Dishonesty

Fraud and Other Dishonesty in Europe Fraud and Other Dishonesty in Sweden Fraud and Other Dishonesty in the Swedish Penal Code The Swedish Criminal Code was adopted in 1962 and entered into force on 1 January 1965. It contains provisions on fraud and other dishonesty and on most of the acts […]

Community Method

Community Method in Europe Description of Community method The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes community method in the following terms: [1] The principle that the EU should formulate guidelines, 'be associated' or instigate common action in areas where the […]

Uniform Electoral Procedure

Uniform Electoral Procedure in Europe Description of Uniform electoral procedure The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes uniform electoral procedure in the following terms: [1] The 1957 Treaty of Rome stipulated that elections to the European Parliamentshould be held under […]

Francophonie

Francophonie in Europe Description of Francophonie The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes francophonie in the following terms: [1] Since the early 17th century the Académie Française has been devoted to the defence and promotion of the French language (la francophonie). […]

Francovich Ruling

Francovich Ruling in Europe Description of Francovich ruling The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes francovich ruling in the following terms: [1] Francovich, an employee of an insolvent Italian company, claimed that he would have received greater financial protection if […]

Freedoms Restriction

Freedoms Restriction in Europe Freedoms Restriction in Sweden Under Chapter 2, with the heading "Fundamental rights and freedoms," of the Instrument of Government (part of the Swedish Constitution), Article 13 provides the following: Freedom of expression and freedom of information […]

Estonia

Estonia in Europe Description of Estonia The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes estonia in the following terms: [1] Sandwiched between Russia and the Baltic Sea, Estonia has historically been dominated by its eastern neighbour (see more in this European encyclopedia). The […]

Frontloading

Frontloading in Europe Frontloading in the Context of Asylum Law The provision of legal aid at an early stage in an application for international protection. Resources See Also Political Asylum Refugees Asylum Asylum Law Refugee Crisis Refugee Action Refugee Definition Political Asylum […]

Freedom of Establishment

Freedom of Establishment in Europe Freedom of Establishment in relation to the E.U. Services Directive The following is an examination of freedom of establishment regarding the European Union Servicies Directive [1]: Freedom of Establishment: Freedom of Establishment The provisions of […]

Neutrality

Neutrality in Europe Description of Neutrality The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes neutrality in the following terms: [1] Neutrality, although carefully defined by the 1907 Hague Convention, has proved a conveniently elastic concept in the context of the EU. Austria, […]

Franchise

Franchise in Europe Definition of Franchise

A liberty or privilege
(1) At common law, a franchise is a royal privilege or branch of the Crown's prerogative, subsisting in the hands of a subject, either by grant or by prescription. It is an incorporeal hereditament. It not only […]

Free Trade Area

Free Trade Area in Europe Description of Free trade area The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes free trade area in the following terms: [1] A free trade area differs from a customs union in that each of the member countries may have its own individual tariffs or other […]

Fraudulent

Fraudulent in Europe Fraudulent (in European Private Law) In this context, this may be a concept of the term: A misrepresentation is fraudulent if it is made with knowledge or belief that it is false and is intended to induce the recipient to make a mistake to the recipient's prejudice. A […]

Stage

Stage in Europe Description of Stage The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes stage in the following terms: [1] The EU's work experience scheme offering graduates the opportunity of an internship in the Commission. Poorly paid, stagiaires console themselves with the […]

Free Movement of Capital

Free Movement of Capital in Europe Description of Free movement of capital The Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union describes free movement of capital in the following terms: [1] One of the four freedoms which laid the foundations of the Common Market, the free movement of capital […]

Francisco Franco

Francisco Franco in Europe Francisco Franco History Spanish Head of State from 1939-1975. Led the nationalists in the civil war against the elected left-wing government between 1936-1939. Established a Fascist regime. Kept Spain out of the Second World War, claiming the country was too […]

Free Movement

Free Movement in Europe Definition of Free Movement In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Free Movement : The movement of goods, persons, services, and capital within an area without being impeded by legal restrictions. This is a basic principle of the […]

Francois Geny

Francois Geny in Europe Introduction to Francois Geny François Geny (1861-1959), influential French legal philosopher, author, and educator. Geny was born in Baccarat, France and studied law at the University of Nancy, where he had a long career as professor. Geny’s legal philosophy was […]

Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels in Europe Communism The Ideas of Marx and Engels It was the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that laid the conceptual foundation for the communist revolutions and regimes of the 20th century. Marx and Engels were German-born intellectuals who worked in various cities in […]

Free Entry

Definition of Free Entry A customs entry for free (i. e., non-dtftiable) goods Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Free Entry in the Dictionaries, Free Entry in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of […]

Freebench

Definition of Freebench An estate analagous to dower, which, by the custom of most manors, the widow of a copyholder had in the land of which her husband was tenant. Freebench was abolished by the Law of Property Act, 1922 Browse You might be interested in these references tools: […]

Freehold Tenure

Definition of Freehold Tenure At the time of the Conquest land was held by military tenure, socage tenure, or copyhold tenure. Both military and socage tenures were freehold tenures ; they were held in return for services which a free man might not think it derogatory to perform. In 1660, […]

Freeman

Definition of Freeman One who possesses the freedom of a borough or city and the accompanying rights and privileges. Honorary freedom is bestowed on persons of distinction as an honour Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Freeman in the Dictionaries, […]

Freight

Definition of Freight The reward payable to a carrier by sea for the safe carriage and delivery of goods. See Dead Freight Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Freight in the Dictionaries, Freight in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse […]

Fresh Suit

Definition of Fresh Suit (Pursuit.) The following of a thing or person at once with the intention of reclamation Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Fresh Suit in the Dictionaries, Fresh Suit in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics […]

Friendly Societies

Definition of Friendly Societies Societies established to provide by the voluntary subscriptions of their members, for the relief or maintenance of the members and their families during sickness or old age, and their widows and orphan children. They must be registered. (Friendly Societies Act, […]

Friendly Suit

Definition of Friendly Suit A suit brought between parties by mutual arrangement in order to obtain a decision upon some point in which both are interested Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Friendly Suit in the Dictionaries, Friendly Suit in our […]

Frontager

Definition of Frontager A person owning or occupying land which abuts on a highway, river, or seashore Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Frontager in the Dictionaries, Frontager in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the […]

Frost V. Knight

Definition of Frost V. Knight ((1872), L. R. 7 Ex. 111). An anticipatory breach oi contract may be sued on where the acts and conduct of the party evince an intention no longer to be bound by the contract. The defendant had promised to marry the plaintiff on the death of his father, and he […]

Frustration

Definition of Frustration The discharge of a contract rendered impossible of performance by external causes beyond the contemplation of the parties. e.g., in Metropolitan Water Board r. Dick Kerr, [1917] 2 K. B. 1, work under a contract to buiJd a reservoir was completely stopped by an order […]

Frauds, Statute Of

Definition of Frauds, Statute Of See Statute of Frauds Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Frauds, Statute Of in the Dictionaries, Frauds, Statute Of in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of Law, […]

Fraudulent Conveyance

Definition of Fraudulent Conveyance By the statute 13 Eliz. c. 5 (repealed and replaced by Law of Property Act, 1925, s. 172), conveyances of landed estates or of goods, made for the purpose of delaying, hindering or defrauding creditors, are void as against them unless made for valuable […]

Fraudulent Preference

Definition of Fraudulent Preference Any payment, conveyance or other advantage given by a debtor to a creditor within three months prior to his bankruptcy, with a view of giving that creditor a preference over the other creditors, is void as against the trustee in bankruptcy. (Bankruptcy Act, […]

FratiS Omnia Vitiat

Definition of FratiS Omnia Vitiat Fraud vitiates everything Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription FratiS Omnia Vitiat in the Dictionaries, FratiS Omnia Vitiat in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of […]

Fractionem Diei Nan Recipit Lex

Definition of Fractionem Diei Nan Recipit Lex The law does not recognise any fraction of a day Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Fractionem Diei Nan Recipit Lex in the Dictionaries, Fractionem Diei Nan Recipit Lex in our legal dictionaries, Related […]

Frank-fee

Definition of Frank-fee Freehold land Browse You might be interested in these references tools: ResourceDescription Frank-fee in the Dictionaries, Frank-fee in our legal dictionaries, Related topics, Browse topics from the European Encyclopedia of Law, Browse the Legal Thesaurus, Find […]

Frankmarriage (freemarriage)

Definition of Frankmarriage (freemarriage) A dowry or gift free from services to a woman about to marry.Land given in frankmarriage created an estate in tail special if it was given to a husband and wife by some blood relation of the wife. It was held by the husband and wife to them and their […]